We present a study of local density augmentation around an attractive solute (i.e., giving rise to more attractive interaction with the solvent than solvent-solvent interactions) in supercritical fluoroform. This work is based on molecular dynamics simulations of coumarin 153 in supercritical fluoroform at densities both above and below the critical density, ranging from dilute gaslike to liquidlike, at a reduced temperature (T/Tc) of 1.03. We focused on studying the structure of the solvation shell and the variation of the solute electronic absorption and emission shifts with density. Quantum calculations at the density functional theory (DFT) level were run on the solute in the ground state, and time-dependent DFT calculations were performed in the solute excited state in order to determine the solute-solvent potential parameters. The results obtained for the Stokes shift are in agreement with the experimental measurements. To evaluate local density augmentation from simulations, we used two different definitions, one based on the solvation number and the other derived from solvatochromic shifts. In the former case, the agreement with experimental results is good, while, in the latter case, better agreement is achieved by perturbatively including the induced-dipole contribution to the solvation energy.
|Autori:||F. INGROSSO; B. M. LADANYI; MENNUCCI B; G. SCALMANI|
|Titolo:||Solvation of Coumarin 153 in Supercritical Fluoroform|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp045603210.1021/jp056226b|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|