The gfp gene from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, coding for the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), was used as a reporter gene to transform a Trichoderma Uirens strain I10, characterized as having a promising biocontrol activity against a large number of phytopathogenic fungi. On the basis of molecular and biological results, a stable GFP transformant was selected for further experiments. In order to evaluate the effects of GFP transformation on mycoparasitic ability of T. virens 110, sclerotia of Sclerotium rolfsii, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and S. minor were inoculated with the T. virens strain 110 GFP transformant or the wild type strain. Statistical analysis of percentages of decayed sclerotia showed that the transformation of the antagonistic isolate with the GFP reporter gene did not modify mycoparasitic activity against sclerotia. Sclerotium colonization was followed by fluorescent microscopy revealing intracellular growth of the antagonist in the cortex (S. rolfsii) and inter-cellular growth in the medulla (S. rolfsii, and S. sclerotiorum). The uniformly distributed mycelium of T. virens just beneath the rind of sclerotia of both S. rolfSii and S. sclerotiorum suggests that the sclerotia became infected at numerous randomly distributed locations without any preferential point of entry. (c) 2005 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Sarrocco S; Mikkelsen L; Vergara M; Jensen DF; Lubeck M; Vannacci G|
|Titolo:||Histopathological studies of sclerotia of phytopathogenic fungi parasitized by a GFP transformed Tyichoderma virens antagonistic strain|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.mycres.2005.08.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|