The diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) is based on the measurement of peak GH responses to pharmacological stimuli. Pharmacological stimuli, however, lack precision, accuracy, are not reproducible, are invasive, non-physiological and some may even be hazardous. Furthermore, different GH commercial assays used to measure GH in serum yield results that may differ considerably. In contrast to GH, IGF-I can be measured on a single, randomly-obtained blood sample. A review of the available data indicates that IGF-I measurement in the diagnosis of childhood-onset isolated GHD has a specificity of up to 100%, with a sensitivity ranging from about 70 to 90%. We suggest an algorithm in which circulating levels of IGF-I together with the evaluation of auxological data, such as growth rate and growth, may be used to assess the likelihood of GHD in pre-pubertal children.
|Autori:||FEDERICO G; STREET ME; MAGHNIE M; CARUSO-NICOLETTI M; LOCHE S; BERTELLONI S; CIANFARANI S; STUDY GROUP ON PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF GROWTH PROCESSES; COUNCIL OF ISPED|
|Titolo:||Assessment of serum IGF-I concentrations in the diagnosis of isolated childhood-onset GH deficiency: a proposal of the Italian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (SIEDP/ISPED)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|