The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the intrasession reproducibility of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) depends on height and lung volume. FVC tracings of 740 subjects (350 males) from a general population sample living in North Italy were analyzed. Subjects filled out a standardized questionnaire and performed three acceptable FVC maneuvers following the American Thoracic Society recommendations. The differences between the largest and the second largest FVC and FEV1 were computed as absolute (ΔFVC, ΔFEV1) and as percentage values (ΔFVC%, ΔFEV1%). The higher the tertiles of the largest FVC and FEV1 were, the higher were ΔFVC and ΔFEV1. Regarding FVC, borderline differences in both sexes for ΔFVC and in males significant differences for ΔFVC% were found among the tertiles. Regarding FEV1, in both sexes ΔFEV1 significantly differed among the tertiles, ΔFVC and ΔFEV1 correlated with height and lung volume in both sexes, except for ΔFVC versus the largest FVC in females. When ΔFVC and ΔFEV1 were analyzed with respect to respiratory symptoms/diseases and smoking habit, no significant differences were observed in both sexes, except for ΔFEV1 between ever- and never-smoking males. It may be concluded that the intrasession within-subject variability of FVC and FEV1 is proportional to lung volume and height, regard less of the sex, presence of symptoms and smoking habit. Thus, our results confirm the usefulness of a reproducibility criterion based on a percentage rather than on a fixed volume.

Selection of reproducible forced expirograms: Percentage or fixed-volume criterion

Pistelli F.;Carrozzi L.;Giuntini C.
1999

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the intrasession reproducibility of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) depends on height and lung volume. FVC tracings of 740 subjects (350 males) from a general population sample living in North Italy were analyzed. Subjects filled out a standardized questionnaire and performed three acceptable FVC maneuvers following the American Thoracic Society recommendations. The differences between the largest and the second largest FVC and FEV1 were computed as absolute (ΔFVC, ΔFEV1) and as percentage values (ΔFVC%, ΔFEV1%). The higher the tertiles of the largest FVC and FEV1 were, the higher were ΔFVC and ΔFEV1. Regarding FVC, borderline differences in both sexes for ΔFVC and in males significant differences for ΔFVC% were found among the tertiles. Regarding FEV1, in both sexes ΔFEV1 significantly differed among the tertiles, ΔFVC and ΔFEV1 correlated with height and lung volume in both sexes, except for ΔFVC versus the largest FVC in females. When ΔFVC and ΔFEV1 were analyzed with respect to respiratory symptoms/diseases and smoking habit, no significant differences were observed in both sexes, except for ΔFEV1 between ever- and never-smoking males. It may be concluded that the intrasession within-subject variability of FVC and FEV1 is proportional to lung volume and height, regard less of the sex, presence of symptoms and smoking habit. Thus, our results confirm the usefulness of a reproducibility criterion based on a percentage rather than on a fixed volume.
Pistelli, F.; Di Pede, F.; Viegi, G.; Carrozzi, L.; Pistelli, G.; Giuntini, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1083536
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