BACKGROUND: Safe and efficient vector systems for delivering antigens or immunomodulatory molecules to dendritic cells (DCs), T lymphocytes or both are considered effective means of eliciting adaptive immune responses and modulating their type, extent, and duration. As a possible tool toward this end, we have developed a self-inactivating vector derived from feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) showing performance characteristics similar to human immunodeficiency virus-derived vectors but devoid of the safety concerns these vectors have raised. METHODS: The pseudotyped FIV particles were generated with a three-plasmid system consisting of: the packaging construct, providing Gag, Pol and the accessory proteins; the vector(s), basically containing FIV packaging signal (psi), Rev responsive element, R-U5 region at both ends, and the green fluorescent protein as reporter gene; and the Env plasmid, encoding the G protein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV-G) or the chimeric RD114 protein. Both packaging and vector constructs were derived from p34TF10, a replication competent molecular clone of FIV. The pseudotyped particles were produced by transient transfection in the Crandell feline fibroblast kidney (CrFK) or the human epithelial (293T) cell line. RESULTS: To broaden its species tropism, the final vector construct was achieved through a series of intermediate constructs bearing a longer psi, the FIV central polypurin tract sequence (cPPT), or the woodchuck hepatitis post-regulatory element (WPRE). These constructs were compared for efficiency and duration of transduction in CrFK or 293T cells and in the murine fibroblast cell line NIH-3T3. Whereas psi elongation and cPPT addition did not bring any obvious benefit, insertion of WPRE downstream GFP greatly improved vector performances. To maximize the efficiency of transduction for ex-vivo murine DCs and T-lymphocytes, this construct was tested with VSV-G or RD114 and using different transduction protocols. The results indicated that the FIV construct derived herein stably transduced both cell types, provided that appropriate vector makeup and transduction protocol were used. Further, transduced DCs underwent changes suggestive of an induced maturation. CONCLUSION: In contrast to previously described FIV vectors that were poorly efficient in delivering genetic material to DCs and T lymphocytes, the vector developed herein has potential for use in experimental immunization strategies.
|Autori:||Pistello M; Vannucci L; Ravani A; Bonci F; Chiuppesi F; del Santo B; Freer G; Bendinelli M|
|Titolo:||Streamlined design of a self-inactivating feline immunodeficiency virus vector for transducing ex vivo dendritic cells and T lymphocytes.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/1479-0556-5-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|