Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a new surgical technique to remove vitreous cortex remnants. Methods Non-consecutive retrospective interventional case series. Results When the posterior vitreous is split, its outermost layer may remain attached to the retina, developing vitreoschisis-induced vitreous cortex remnants (VCR). Their role in macular pathology etiopathogenesis has been well documented; however, recently, it has been proposed that VCR also play a crucial role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy and consequent retinal redetachment. The prevalence of VCR is underestimated because triamcinolone acetonide is not routinely used for vitreous staining. Vitreous cortex remnants (VCR) removal is challenging, and several surgical techniques have been proposed. However, they require sclerotomy enlargement, material that may not be readily available, and manual fashioning. Alternatively, a diamond-dusted membrane scraper (DDMS), already widely used in macular pathology treatment, can follow the contour of the retina, as it is a silicone tube, and remove VCR with its abrasive tip. A DDMS may also be introduced in the vitreous cavity through a standard trocar. Finally, the use of a DDMS provides predictable feedback, making the learning curve short. In this case series, 34 eyes affected by primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were enrolled. The retinal redetachment rate was 2.9% at six months of follow-up, below the average literature value of 21%. No adverse events were reported. Conclusion A DDMS can be suitable for use in VCR removal, although further studies are warranted to understand the indications and extent of this surgical technique for improving the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Surgical technique for removing vitreous cortex remnants using a diamond-dusted membrane scraper

Sartini, Francesco;Menchini, Martina;Loiudice, Pasquale;Nardi, Marco;Figus, Michele;Casini, Giamberto
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a new surgical technique to remove vitreous cortex remnants. Methods Non-consecutive retrospective interventional case series. Results When the posterior vitreous is split, its outermost layer may remain attached to the retina, developing vitreoschisis-induced vitreous cortex remnants (VCR). Their role in macular pathology etiopathogenesis has been well documented; however, recently, it has been proposed that VCR also play a crucial role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy and consequent retinal redetachment. The prevalence of VCR is underestimated because triamcinolone acetonide is not routinely used for vitreous staining. Vitreous cortex remnants (VCR) removal is challenging, and several surgical techniques have been proposed. However, they require sclerotomy enlargement, material that may not be readily available, and manual fashioning. Alternatively, a diamond-dusted membrane scraper (DDMS), already widely used in macular pathology treatment, can follow the contour of the retina, as it is a silicone tube, and remove VCR with its abrasive tip. A DDMS may also be introduced in the vitreous cavity through a standard trocar. Finally, the use of a DDMS provides predictable feedback, making the learning curve short. In this case series, 34 eyes affected by primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were enrolled. The retinal redetachment rate was 2.9% at six months of follow-up, below the average literature value of 21%. No adverse events were reported. Conclusion A DDMS can be suitable for use in VCR removal, although further studies are warranted to understand the indications and extent of this surgical technique for improving the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
2021
Sartini, Francesco; Menchini, Martina; Loiudice, Pasquale; Nardi, Marco; Figus, Michele; Casini, Giamberto
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1102072
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact