The cholinergic neurotransmitter system is critically linked to cognitive functions including attention. The current studies were designed to evaluate the effect of a cholinergic agonist and an antagonist on performance during a selective visual attention task where the inherent salience of attended/unattended stimuli was modulated. Two randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover studies were performed, one (n=9) with the anticholinesterase physostigmine (1.0 mg/h), and the other (n=30) with the anticholinergic scopolamine (0.4 mc/kg). During the task, two double-exposure pictures of faces and houses were presented side by side. Subjects were cued to attend to either the face or the house component of the stimuli, and were instructed to perform a matching task with the two exemplars from the attended category. The cue changed every 4-7 trials to instruct subjects to shift attention from one stimulus component to the other. During placebo in both studies, reaction time (RT) associated ...
|Autori:||FUREY ML; PIETRINI P; HAXBY JV; DREVETS WC|
|Titolo:||Selective Effects of Cholinergic Modulation on Task Performance during Selective Attention|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/sj.npp.1301461|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|