The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of menstrual cyclicity on plasma beta-endorphin (beta-EP) levels. For this purpose, beta-EP and cortisol plasma concentrations were measured during the menstrual cycle in healthy control subjects (n = 12), in patients affected by anovulatory syndrome (n = 6), and in amenorrheic patients (n = 8). In the same patients, beta-EP and cortisol were also measured under treatment for the induction of ovulation with pulsatile luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone or human menopausal gonadotropin plus human chorionic gonadotropin administration. In spontaneous and pharmacologically induced ovulatory cycles, a significant preovulatory rise of plasma beta-EP levels was always evident. Constant levels were found in the other periods of ovulatory cycles and in the patients affected by anovulatory syndrome and primary amenorrhea. Cortisol levels did not show any significant change throughout the cycle, either in controls or in patients before or after treatment. This result suggests that when ovulation occurs, plasma beta-EP levels show a relevant rise, the physiologic significance of which remains to be elucidated.

Plasma beta-endorphin levels in anovulatory states: changes after treatments for the induction of ovulation.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA
1986

Abstract

The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of menstrual cyclicity on plasma beta-endorphin (beta-EP) levels. For this purpose, beta-EP and cortisol plasma concentrations were measured during the menstrual cycle in healthy control subjects (n = 12), in patients affected by anovulatory syndrome (n = 6), and in amenorrheic patients (n = 8). In the same patients, beta-EP and cortisol were also measured under treatment for the induction of ovulation with pulsatile luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone or human menopausal gonadotropin plus human chorionic gonadotropin administration. In spontaneous and pharmacologically induced ovulatory cycles, a significant preovulatory rise of plasma beta-EP levels was always evident. Constant levels were found in the other periods of ovulatory cycles and in the patients affected by anovulatory syndrome and primary amenorrhea. Cortisol levels did not show any significant change throughout the cycle, either in controls or in patients before or after treatment. This result suggests that when ovulation occurs, plasma beta-EP levels show a relevant rise, the physiologic significance of which remains to be elucidated.
Petraglia, F; Di Meo, G; De Leo, V; Nappi, C; Facchinetti, F; Genazzani, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/11029
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