Predictive maintenance (PdM) advocates for the usage of machine learning technologies to monitor asset's health conditions and plan maintenance activities accordingly. However, according to the specific degradation process, some health-related measures (e.g. temperature) may be not informative enough to reliably assess the health stage. Moreover, each measure needs to be properly treated to extract the information linked to the health stage. Those issues are usually addressed by performing a manual feature engineering, which results in high management cost and poor generalization capability of those approaches. In this work, we address this issue by coupling a health stage classifier with a feature learning mechanism. With feature learning, minimally processed data are automatically transformed into informative features. Many effective feature learning approaches are based on deep learning. With those, the features are obtained as a non-linear combination of the inputs, thus it is difficult to understand the input's contribution to the classification outcome and so the reasoning behind the model. Still, these insights are increasingly required to interpret the results and assess the reliability of the model. In this regard, we propose a feature learning approach able to (i) effectively extract high-quality features by processing different input signals, and (ii) provide useful insights about the most informative domain transformations (e.g. Fourier transform or probability density function) of the input signals (e.g. vibration or temperature). The effectiveness of the proposed approach is tested with publicly available real-world datasets about bearings' progressive deterioration and compared with the traditional feature engineering approach.

Degradation stage classification via interpretable feature learning

Alfeo A. L.;Cimino M. G. C. A.;Vaglini G.
2021

Abstract

Predictive maintenance (PdM) advocates for the usage of machine learning technologies to monitor asset's health conditions and plan maintenance activities accordingly. However, according to the specific degradation process, some health-related measures (e.g. temperature) may be not informative enough to reliably assess the health stage. Moreover, each measure needs to be properly treated to extract the information linked to the health stage. Those issues are usually addressed by performing a manual feature engineering, which results in high management cost and poor generalization capability of those approaches. In this work, we address this issue by coupling a health stage classifier with a feature learning mechanism. With feature learning, minimally processed data are automatically transformed into informative features. Many effective feature learning approaches are based on deep learning. With those, the features are obtained as a non-linear combination of the inputs, thus it is difficult to understand the input's contribution to the classification outcome and so the reasoning behind the model. Still, these insights are increasingly required to interpret the results and assess the reliability of the model. In this regard, we propose a feature learning approach able to (i) effectively extract high-quality features by processing different input signals, and (ii) provide useful insights about the most informative domain transformations (e.g. Fourier transform or probability density function) of the input signals (e.g. vibration or temperature). The effectiveness of the proposed approach is tested with publicly available real-world datasets about bearings' progressive deterioration and compared with the traditional feature engineering approach.
Alfeo, A. L.; Cimino, M. G. C. A.; Vaglini, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1105582
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