Background: The Covid-19 pandemic may have a deleterious impact on patients with autoimmune systemic diseases (ASD) due to their deep immune-system alterations. Objective: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of symptomatic Covid-19 and its correlations with both organ involvement and ongoing treatments in a large series of Italian ASD patients during the first wave of pandemic. Methods: Our multicenter telephone 6-week survey included 3,029 unselected ASD patients enrolled at 36 tertiary referral centers of northern, central, and southern Italian macro-areas with different diffusion of the pandemic. Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection was classified as definite Covid-19 (presence of symptoms plus positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs) or highly suspected Covid-19 (highly suggestive symptoms, in the absence of a swab testing). Results: A significantly higher prevalence of definite plus highly suspected Covid-19 compared to the Italian general population was detected in the whole ASD series (p=.000), as well as in patients from the three macro-areas (p=.000 in all). Statistically higher prevalence of Covid-19 was also found in connective tissue diseases compared to chronic arthritis subgroup (p=.000) and in ASD patients with pre-existing interstitial lung involvement (p=.000). Patients treated with either conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and/or biological DMARDs showed a significantly lower prevalence of Covid-19 (p=.000 in both). Finally, scleroderma patients undergoing low-dose aspirin showed a significantly lower rate of Covid-19 compared to those without (p=0.003). Conclusion: The higher prevalence of Covid-19 in ASD patients, along with the significant correlations with important clinical features and therapeutic regimens, suggests the need to develop targeted prevention/management strategies during the current pandemic wave.

Covid-19 And Rheumatic Autoimmune Systemic Diseases: Role of Pre-Existing Lung Involvement and Ongoing Treatments

Tavoni, Antonio;Rossa, Alessandra Della;Giannini, Daiana;Bilia, Silvia;Gragnani, Laura;Paparo, Sabrina Rosaria;Ragusa, Francesca;Mazzi, Valeria;Elia, Giusy;Ferrari, Silvia Martina;Barsotti, Simone;Miccoli, Mario;Fallahi, Poupak;Antonelli, Alessandro
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: The Covid-19 pandemic may have a deleterious impact on patients with autoimmune systemic diseases (ASD) due to their deep immune-system alterations. Objective: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of symptomatic Covid-19 and its correlations with both organ involvement and ongoing treatments in a large series of Italian ASD patients during the first wave of pandemic. Methods: Our multicenter telephone 6-week survey included 3,029 unselected ASD patients enrolled at 36 tertiary referral centers of northern, central, and southern Italian macro-areas with different diffusion of the pandemic. Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection was classified as definite Covid-19 (presence of symptoms plus positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs) or highly suspected Covid-19 (highly suggestive symptoms, in the absence of a swab testing). Results: A significantly higher prevalence of definite plus highly suspected Covid-19 compared to the Italian general population was detected in the whole ASD series (p=.000), as well as in patients from the three macro-areas (p=.000 in all). Statistically higher prevalence of Covid-19 was also found in connective tissue diseases compared to chronic arthritis subgroup (p=.000) and in ASD patients with pre-existing interstitial lung involvement (p=.000). Patients treated with either conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and/or biological DMARDs showed a significantly lower prevalence of Covid-19 (p=.000 in both). Finally, scleroderma patients undergoing low-dose aspirin showed a significantly lower rate of Covid-19 compared to those without (p=0.003). Conclusion: The higher prevalence of Covid-19 in ASD patients, along with the significant correlations with important clinical features and therapeutic regimens, suggests the need to develop targeted prevention/management strategies during the current pandemic wave.
2021
Ferri, Clodoveo; Giuggioli, Dilia; Raimondo, Vincenzo; L'Andolina, Massimo; Dagna, Lorenzo; Tavoni, Antonio; Caso, Francesco; Ursini, Francesco; Piero, Ruscitti; Caminiti, Maurizio; Foti, Rosario; Riccieri, Valeria; Guiducci, Serena; Pellegrini, Roberta; Zanatta, Elisabetta; Varcasia, Giuseppe; Olivo, Domenico; Gigliotti, Pietro; Cuomo, Giovanna; Murdaca, Giuseppe; Cecchetti, Riccardo; De Angelis, Rossella; Romeo, Nicoletta; Ingegnoli, Francesca; Cozzi, Franco; Codullo, Veronica; Cavazzana, Ilaria; Colaci, Michele; Abignano, Giuseppina; De Santis, Maria; Lubrano, Ennio; Fusaro, Enrico; Rossa, Alessandra Della; Spinella, Amelia; Lumetti, Federica; De Luca, Giacomo; Bellando-Randone, Silvia; Visalli, Elisa; Dal Bosco, Ylenia; Amato, Giorgio; Giannini, Daiana; Bilia, Silvia; Masini, Francesco; Pellegrino, Greta; Pigatto, Erika; Generali, Elena; Mariano, Giuseppa Pagano; Pettiti, Giorgio; Zanframundo, Giovanni; Brittelli, Raffaele; Aiello, Vincenzo; Caminiti, Rodolfo; Scorpiniti, Daniela; Ferrari, Tommaso; Campochiaro, Corrado; Brusi, Veronica; Fredi, Micaela; Moschetti, Liala; Cacciapaglia, Fabio; Gragnani, Laura; Monti, Monica; Lorini, Serena; Paparo, Sabrina Rosaria; Ragusa, Francesca; Mazzi, Valeria; Elia, Giusy; Ferrari, Silvia Martina; Di Cola, Ilenia; Vadacca, Marta; Lorusso, Sebastiano; Barsotti, Simone; Aprile, Maria Letizia; Marco, Tasso; Miccoli, Mario; Bosello, Silvia; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; D'Angelo, Salvatore; Doria, Andrea; Franceschini, Franco; Meliconi, Riccardo; Iannone, Florenzo; Giacomelli, Roberto; Zignego, Anna Linda; Fallahi, Poupak; Antonelli, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1107232
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