Purpose: We aimed at investigating the lifetime prevalence of mood, eating and panic disorders in a large sample of obese patients referred to bariatric surgery. We also explored the patterns of psychiatric comorbidity and their relationship with Body Mass Index (BMI). Methods: The sample was composed of patients consecutively referred for pre-surgical evaluation to the Obesity Center of Pisa University Hospital between January 2004 and November 2016. Clinical charts were retrieved and examined to obtain sociodemographic information, anthropometric variables and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses according to DSM-IV criteria. Results: A total of 871 patients were included in the study; 72% were females, and most patients had BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 (81%). Overall, 55% of the patients were diagnosed with at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder. Binge eating disorder (27.6%), major depressive disorder (16%), bipolar disorder type 2 (15.5%), and panic disorder (16%) were the most common psychiatric diagnoses. Mood disorders showed associations with panic disorder (OR = 2.75, 95% CI = 1.90–3.99, χ2 = 41.85, p = 0.000) and eating disorders (OR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.64–2.88, χ2 = 55.54, p = 0.000). BMI was lower in patients with major depressive disorder (44.9 ± 7.89) than in subjects without mood disorders (46.75 ± 7.99, padj = 0.017). Conclusion: Bariatric patients show high rates of psychiatric disorders, especially binge eating and mood disorders. Longitudinal studies are needed to explore the possible influence of such comorbidities on the long-term outcome after bariatric surgery. Level of evidence: V, cross sectional descriptive study.

Prevalence of mood, panic and eating disorders in obese patients referred to bariatric surgery: patterns of comorbidity and relationship with body mass index

Barbuti M.
Primo
;
Brancati G. E.
Secondo
;
Carignani G.;Santini F.
Penultimo
;
Perugi G.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed at investigating the lifetime prevalence of mood, eating and panic disorders in a large sample of obese patients referred to bariatric surgery. We also explored the patterns of psychiatric comorbidity and their relationship with Body Mass Index (BMI). Methods: The sample was composed of patients consecutively referred for pre-surgical evaluation to the Obesity Center of Pisa University Hospital between January 2004 and November 2016. Clinical charts were retrieved and examined to obtain sociodemographic information, anthropometric variables and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses according to DSM-IV criteria. Results: A total of 871 patients were included in the study; 72% were females, and most patients had BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 (81%). Overall, 55% of the patients were diagnosed with at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder. Binge eating disorder (27.6%), major depressive disorder (16%), bipolar disorder type 2 (15.5%), and panic disorder (16%) were the most common psychiatric diagnoses. Mood disorders showed associations with panic disorder (OR = 2.75, 95% CI = 1.90–3.99, χ2 = 41.85, p = 0.000) and eating disorders (OR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.64–2.88, χ2 = 55.54, p = 0.000). BMI was lower in patients with major depressive disorder (44.9 ± 7.89) than in subjects without mood disorders (46.75 ± 7.99, padj = 0.017). Conclusion: Bariatric patients show high rates of psychiatric disorders, especially binge eating and mood disorders. Longitudinal studies are needed to explore the possible influence of such comorbidities on the long-term outcome after bariatric surgery. Level of evidence: V, cross sectional descriptive study.
2022
Barbuti, M.; Brancati, G. E.; Calderone, A.; Fierabracci, P.; Salvetti, G.; Weiss, F.; Carignani, G.; Santini, F.; Perugi, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1109418
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