Background: Recent data from the TRIBE2 study have failed to suggest a higher magnitude of benefit from upfront FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as previously reported in the TRIBE study. Patients and methods: Clinical characteristics and gene expression signatures of patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC enrolled in the TRIBE2 study were evaluated with the aim of understanding that patients may derive benefit from the intensification of the upfront chemotherapy. Results: Of 46 BRAF-mutant tumour samples analysed, 24 (52%) and 22 (48%) were classified as BM1 and BM2, respectively, and 27 (59%) and 19 (41%) were assigned to ligand-independent (LI) and ligand-dependent (LD) Wnt pathway subgroups, respectively. No prognostic impact was shown for both BM1/BM2 and LI/LD subtypes. No interaction was evident between BM1/BM2 or LI/LD signatures and the benefit provided by FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab. Significant interaction effect was evident in terms of progression-free survival between treatment arm and primary tumour sidedness (P = 0.05) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Gene expression analysis failed to identify patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC candidate to upfront FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab. ECOG-PS >0 and left-sidedness seem associated with no benefit from the intensified treatment.

Exploring clinical and gene expression markers of benefit from FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab in patients with BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer: Subgroup analyses of the TRIBE2 study

Poma A. M.;Conca V.;Germani M. M.;Ugolini C.;Masi G.;Cremolini C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Recent data from the TRIBE2 study have failed to suggest a higher magnitude of benefit from upfront FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as previously reported in the TRIBE study. Patients and methods: Clinical characteristics and gene expression signatures of patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC enrolled in the TRIBE2 study were evaluated with the aim of understanding that patients may derive benefit from the intensification of the upfront chemotherapy. Results: Of 46 BRAF-mutant tumour samples analysed, 24 (52%) and 22 (48%) were classified as BM1 and BM2, respectively, and 27 (59%) and 19 (41%) were assigned to ligand-independent (LI) and ligand-dependent (LD) Wnt pathway subgroups, respectively. No prognostic impact was shown for both BM1/BM2 and LI/LD subtypes. No interaction was evident between BM1/BM2 or LI/LD signatures and the benefit provided by FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab. Significant interaction effect was evident in terms of progression-free survival between treatment arm and primary tumour sidedness (P = 0.05) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Gene expression analysis failed to identify patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC candidate to upfront FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab. ECOG-PS >0 and left-sidedness seem associated with no benefit from the intensified treatment.
2021
Moretto, R.; Giordano, M.; Poma, A. M.; Passardi, A.; Boccaccino, A.; Tomasello, G.; Aprile, G.; Conca, V.; Granetto, C.; Frassoldati, A.; Clavarezza, M.; Bertolini, A. S.; Germani, M. M.; Ugolini, C.; Fontanini, G.; Masi, G.; Falcone, A.; Cremolini, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1111023
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