Connexins (Cxs) are a family of membrane-spanning proteins, expressed in vertebrates and named according to their molecular weight. They are involved in tissue homeostasis, and they function by acting at several communication levels. Cardiac Cxs are responsible for regular heart function and, among them, Cx26 and Cx43 are widely expressed throughout the heart. Cx26 is present in vessels, as well as in cardiomyocytes, and its localization is scattered all over the cell aside from at the intercalated discs as is the case for the other cardiac Cxs. However, having been found in cardiomyocytes only recently, both its subcellular localization and its functional characterization in cardiomyocytes remain poorly understood. Therefore, in this study we aimed to obtain further data on the localization of Cx26 at the subcellular level. Our TEM immunogold analyses were performed on rat heart ventricles and differentiated H9c2 cardiac cell sections as well as on differentiated H9c2 derived extracellular vesicles. The results confirmed the absence of Cx26 at intercalated discs and showed the presence of Cx26 at the level of different subcellular compartments. The peculiar localization at the level of extracellular vesicles suggested a specific role for cardiac Cx26 in inter-cellular communication in an independent gap junction manner.

Subcellular localization of connexin 26 in cardiomyocytes and in cardiomyocyte-derived extracellular vesicles

Falleni A.
Primo
;
Moscato S.
Secondo
;
Sabbatini A. R. M.;Bernardeschi M.;Bianchi F.;Cecchettini A.
Penultimo
;
Mattii L.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Connexins (Cxs) are a family of membrane-spanning proteins, expressed in vertebrates and named according to their molecular weight. They are involved in tissue homeostasis, and they function by acting at several communication levels. Cardiac Cxs are responsible for regular heart function and, among them, Cx26 and Cx43 are widely expressed throughout the heart. Cx26 is present in vessels, as well as in cardiomyocytes, and its localization is scattered all over the cell aside from at the intercalated discs as is the case for the other cardiac Cxs. However, having been found in cardiomyocytes only recently, both its subcellular localization and its functional characterization in cardiomyocytes remain poorly understood. Therefore, in this study we aimed to obtain further data on the localization of Cx26 at the subcellular level. Our TEM immunogold analyses were performed on rat heart ventricles and differentiated H9c2 cardiac cell sections as well as on differentiated H9c2 derived extracellular vesicles. The results confirmed the absence of Cx26 at intercalated discs and showed the presence of Cx26 at the level of different subcellular compartments. The peculiar localization at the level of extracellular vesicles suggested a specific role for cardiac Cx26 in inter-cellular communication in an independent gap junction manner.
2021
Falleni, A.; Moscato, S.; Sabbatini, A. R. M.; Bernardeschi, M.; Bianchi, F.; Cecchettini, A.; Mattii, L.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Falleni et a. 2021.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 4.25 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.25 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1112530
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact