The rapid and selective identification in the clinical setting of pathogenic bacteria causing healthcare associated infections (HAIs) and in particular blood stream infections (BSIs) is a major challenge, as the number of people affected worldwide and the associated mortality are on the rise. In fact, traditional laboratory techniques such culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodologies are often associated to long turnaround times, which justify the pressing need for the development of rapid, specific and portable point of care devices. The recently discovered clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat loci (CRISPR) and the new class of programmable endonuclease enzymes called CRISPR associated proteins (Cas) have revolutionised molecular diagnostics. The use of Cas proteins in optical and electrochemical biosensing devices has significantly improved the detection of nucleic acids in clinical samples. In this study, a CRISPR/Cas12a system was coupled with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements to develop a label-free biosensing assay for the detection of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, two bacterial species commonly associated to BSI infections. The programmable Cas12a endonuclease activity, induced by a specific guide RNA (gRNA), and the triggered collateral activity were assessed in in vitro restriction analyses, and evaluated thanks to impedance measurements using a modified gold electrode. The Cas12a/gRNA system was able to specifically recognize amplicons from different clinical isolates of E. coli and S. aureus with a limit of detection of 3 nM and a short turnaround time approximately of 1.5 h. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first biosensing device based on CRISPR/Cas12a label free impedance assay.

A label-free impedance biosensing assay based on CRISPR/Cas12a collateral activity for bacterial DNA detection

Bonini A.
Primo
;
Poma Sajama Noemi Violeta;Vivaldi F.;Biagini D.;Bottai D.;Tavanti A.
;
Di Francesco F.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

The rapid and selective identification in the clinical setting of pathogenic bacteria causing healthcare associated infections (HAIs) and in particular blood stream infections (BSIs) is a major challenge, as the number of people affected worldwide and the associated mortality are on the rise. In fact, traditional laboratory techniques such culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodologies are often associated to long turnaround times, which justify the pressing need for the development of rapid, specific and portable point of care devices. The recently discovered clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat loci (CRISPR) and the new class of programmable endonuclease enzymes called CRISPR associated proteins (Cas) have revolutionised molecular diagnostics. The use of Cas proteins in optical and electrochemical biosensing devices has significantly improved the detection of nucleic acids in clinical samples. In this study, a CRISPR/Cas12a system was coupled with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements to develop a label-free biosensing assay for the detection of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, two bacterial species commonly associated to BSI infections. The programmable Cas12a endonuclease activity, induced by a specific guide RNA (gRNA), and the triggered collateral activity were assessed in in vitro restriction analyses, and evaluated thanks to impedance measurements using a modified gold electrode. The Cas12a/gRNA system was able to specifically recognize amplicons from different clinical isolates of E. coli and S. aureus with a limit of detection of 3 nM and a short turnaround time approximately of 1.5 h. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first biosensing device based on CRISPR/Cas12a label free impedance assay.
Bonini, A.; POMA SAJAMA, NOEMI VIOLETA; Vivaldi, F.; Biagini, D.; Bottai, D.; Tavanti, A.; Di Francesco, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1113244
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