Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are an important factor in cancer progression and metastasis, especially gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9. A simple methodology for their detection and monitoring is highly desirable. Molecular probes have been very widely and successfully applied to study the activity of MMPs in cellular processes in vitro. We thus synthesized a small compound library of MMP-2 and MMP-9 binding probes based on drug molecules and endowed with free amine groups for the functionalization of transducer surfaces. In this study, we combined experimental results obtained by a kinetic fluorogenic peptide substrate cleavage assay with molecular modeling studies in order to assess the ability of the probe to bind to their target enzymes. The synthesized biphenyl substituted lysine derivatives showed IC50-values in the low nanomolar concentration range against MMP-2 (ligands 3a-d: 3 nM to 8 µM, ligands 4a-d: 45 nM to 350 µM) and low micromolar range against MMP-9 (ligands 3a-d: 350 nM to 60 µM, ligands 4a-d: 5 µM to 600 µM), with a selectivity up to more than 160-fold for MMP-2. The experimental results correlated well with molecular modelling with FleXAID and X-score functions. We showed that in our compound series, the side chain remained far away from the S1′ cavity and the ligand for all the docked minima. Ligands 4a-d with their free amine group on the side chain may thus be bound to transducer surfaces for the fabrication of sensors, while retaining their activity against their target enzymes.

Biphenyl substituted lysine derivatives as recognition elements for the matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9

Kirchhain A.
Primo
;
Vivaldi F.;Bonini A.;Biagini D.;Santalucia D.;Di Francesco F.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are an important factor in cancer progression and metastasis, especially gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9. A simple methodology for their detection and monitoring is highly desirable. Molecular probes have been very widely and successfully applied to study the activity of MMPs in cellular processes in vitro. We thus synthesized a small compound library of MMP-2 and MMP-9 binding probes based on drug molecules and endowed with free amine groups for the functionalization of transducer surfaces. In this study, we combined experimental results obtained by a kinetic fluorogenic peptide substrate cleavage assay with molecular modeling studies in order to assess the ability of the probe to bind to their target enzymes. The synthesized biphenyl substituted lysine derivatives showed IC50-values in the low nanomolar concentration range against MMP-2 (ligands 3a-d: 3 nM to 8 µM, ligands 4a-d: 45 nM to 350 µM) and low micromolar range against MMP-9 (ligands 3a-d: 350 nM to 60 µM, ligands 4a-d: 5 µM to 600 µM), with a selectivity up to more than 160-fold for MMP-2. The experimental results correlated well with molecular modelling with FleXAID and X-score functions. We showed that in our compound series, the side chain remained far away from the S1′ cavity and the ligand for all the docked minima. Ligands 4a-d with their free amine group on the side chain may thus be bound to transducer surfaces for the fabrication of sensors, while retaining their activity against their target enzymes.
Kirchhain, A.; Zubriene, A.; Kairys, V.; Vivaldi, F.; Bonini, A.; Biagini, D.; Santalucia, D.; Matulis, D.; Di Francesco, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1113288
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