Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a non-immunogenic tumor poorly responsive to immune checkpoint inhibitors. This study investigates the effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX), and gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GEMnPAC) regimens on PD-L1 mRNA expression in plasma-derived microvesicles (MVs) in 50 PDAC patients. Plasma was collected before starting chemotherapy and after 3 months of treatment. mRNA was extracted from MVs, and PD-L1 expression was measured by digital droplet PCR. Twenty-eight patients were PD-L1 positive in MVs at baseline, of which 18 were in the GEMnPAC cohort and 10 in the FOLFIRINOX one. The amount of PD-L1 expression in MVs increased from baseline to 3 months of treatment in patients receiving GEMnPAC (median value 0.002 vs. 0.005; p = 0.01) compared to those treated with FOLFIRINOX (median 0.003 vs. 0.004; p = 0.97). The increase in PD-L1 mRNA expression in MVs was not related to tumor response (PR + SD: P = 0.08; PD: P = 0.28). Our findings demonstrate that GEMnPAC can increase PD-L1 mRNA expression in patient-derived circulating MVs, providing a rationale for testing the efficacy of this regimen in sequential or simultaneous combinations with immunotherapy in PDAC patients.

Gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel induces PD-L1 mRNA expression in plasma-derived microvesicles in pancreatic cancer

Del Re M.
Co-primo
;
Vivaldi C.
Co-primo
;
Rofi E.;Salani F.;Crucitta S.;Catanese S.;Fontanelli L.;Massa V.;Cucchiara F.;Fornaro L.;Fogli S.;Vasile E.;Danesi R.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a non-immunogenic tumor poorly responsive to immune checkpoint inhibitors. This study investigates the effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX), and gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GEMnPAC) regimens on PD-L1 mRNA expression in plasma-derived microvesicles (MVs) in 50 PDAC patients. Plasma was collected before starting chemotherapy and after 3 months of treatment. mRNA was extracted from MVs, and PD-L1 expression was measured by digital droplet PCR. Twenty-eight patients were PD-L1 positive in MVs at baseline, of which 18 were in the GEMnPAC cohort and 10 in the FOLFIRINOX one. The amount of PD-L1 expression in MVs increased from baseline to 3 months of treatment in patients receiving GEMnPAC (median value 0.002 vs. 0.005; p = 0.01) compared to those treated with FOLFIRINOX (median 0.003 vs. 0.004; p = 0.97). The increase in PD-L1 mRNA expression in MVs was not related to tumor response (PR + SD: P = 0.08; PD: P = 0.28). Our findings demonstrate that GEMnPAC can increase PD-L1 mRNA expression in patient-derived circulating MVs, providing a rationale for testing the efficacy of this regimen in sequential or simultaneous combinations with immunotherapy in PDAC patients.
Del Re, M.; Vivaldi, C.; Rofi, E.; Salani, F.; Crucitta, S.; Catanese, S.; Fontanelli, L.; Massa, V.; Cucchiara, F.; Fornaro, L.; Capuano, A.; Fogli, S.; Vasile, E.; Danesi, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1113520
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