Objectives: This study is aimed to report a case of SV-related gastritis and the results of a systematic review of SV infections in the literature. Methods: Following a case presentation, we systematically searched different databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE) for the items "sarcina," "ventriculi," "clostridium" with AND/OR. Results: A total of 55 articles reporting 65 cases of Sarcina Ventriculi were found. Thus, 66 patients, including our case, were reviewed. Median age was 51 years (IQR: 0-87 years). Females accounted for 51% of cases. 68% of patients had one or more comorbidities. SV was isolated in the gastrointestinal tract (88%), respiratory (5%), urine (4%), and bloodstream (3%) systems. Upper endoscopy was performed in 52 patients (79%). Biopsies were obtained in all 52 cases, and resulted normal in 23%. Surgery was warranted in 15 patients (23%), and specific antimicrobial therapy was delivered in 34 (52%) patients. Mortality was 14%. At follow-up, 88% of patients showed complete eradication of the SV infection. Conclusions: Upper gastrointestinal biopsy positive for SV should prompt an evaluation of the clinical conditions, being the risk of gastric perforation not negligible. Antibiotic therapy may eradicate the infection and prevent complications. Emergency surgery is required in case of source control.

Sarcina Ventriculi infection: a rare but fearsome event. A Systematic Review of the Literature

Tartaglia, Dario;Coccolini, Federico;Mazzoni, Alessio;Strambi, Silvia;Cicuttin, Enrico;Cremonini, Camilla;Taddei, Giacomo;Puglisi, Adolfo Gabriele;Ugolini, Clara;Stefano, Iosè Di;Basolo, Fulvio;Chiarugi, Massimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: This study is aimed to report a case of SV-related gastritis and the results of a systematic review of SV infections in the literature. Methods: Following a case presentation, we systematically searched different databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE) for the items "sarcina," "ventriculi," "clostridium" with AND/OR. Results: A total of 55 articles reporting 65 cases of Sarcina Ventriculi were found. Thus, 66 patients, including our case, were reviewed. Median age was 51 years (IQR: 0-87 years). Females accounted for 51% of cases. 68% of patients had one or more comorbidities. SV was isolated in the gastrointestinal tract (88%), respiratory (5%), urine (4%), and bloodstream (3%) systems. Upper endoscopy was performed in 52 patients (79%). Biopsies were obtained in all 52 cases, and resulted normal in 23%. Surgery was warranted in 15 patients (23%), and specific antimicrobial therapy was delivered in 34 (52%) patients. Mortality was 14%. At follow-up, 88% of patients showed complete eradication of the SV infection. Conclusions: Upper gastrointestinal biopsy positive for SV should prompt an evaluation of the clinical conditions, being the risk of gastric perforation not negligible. Antibiotic therapy may eradicate the infection and prevent complications. Emergency surgery is required in case of source control.
2021
Tartaglia, Dario; Coccolini, Federico; Mazzoni, Alessio; Strambi, Silvia; Cicuttin, Enrico; Cremonini, Camilla; Taddei, Giacomo; Puglisi, Adolfo Gabriele; Ugolini, Clara; Stefano, Iosè Di; Basolo, Fulvio; Chiarugi, Massimo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1114050
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact