Background and purpose: Neuroinflammation and probably systemic inflammation, with abnormal α-synuclein deposition, participate in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). The P2X7 receptor/NLRP3 inflammasome complex is upregulated in the brain of PD patients. By a prospective approach, the degree of systemic activation of such complex, and its regulatory mechanisms, were explored in treatment-naïve PD individuals. Methods: The expression and functional activity of the inflammasome were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 25 newly diagnosed PD patients and 25 controls at baseline and after 12 months of pharmacological treatment, exploring the intracellular signalling involved and its epigenetic regulation. Results: De novo PD patients were characterized by a systemic hyper-expression of the P2X7R/NLRP3 inflammasome platform, probably able to modulate lymphomonocyte α-synuclein, whose brain deposits represent the main pathogenetic factor of PD. A reduced c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation might be the intracellular signalling mediating this effect. miR-7 and miR-30, implied in the pathogenesis of PD and in the post-transcriptional control of α-synuclein and NLRP3 expression, were also increased in PD. After 1 year of usual anti-Parkinson treatments, such inflammatory platform was significantly reduced. Conclusions: Mononuclear cells of newly diagnosed PD subjects display a hyper-expression of the P2X7R/NLRP3 inflammasome platform that seems to modulate cellular α-synuclein content and is reduced after PD treatment; an impaired JNK phosphorylation might be the intracellular signalling mediating this effect, undergoing an epigenetic regulation by miR-7 and miR-30.

P2X7 receptor/NLRP3 inflammasome complex and α-synuclein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells: a prospective study in neo-diagnosed, treatment-naïve Parkinson’s disease

Solini A.
;
Rossi C.;Giuntini M.;Raggi F.;Parolini F.;Biancalana E.;Del Prete E.;Bonuccelli U.;Ceravolo R.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background and purpose: Neuroinflammation and probably systemic inflammation, with abnormal α-synuclein deposition, participate in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). The P2X7 receptor/NLRP3 inflammasome complex is upregulated in the brain of PD patients. By a prospective approach, the degree of systemic activation of such complex, and its regulatory mechanisms, were explored in treatment-naïve PD individuals. Methods: The expression and functional activity of the inflammasome were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 25 newly diagnosed PD patients and 25 controls at baseline and after 12 months of pharmacological treatment, exploring the intracellular signalling involved and its epigenetic regulation. Results: De novo PD patients were characterized by a systemic hyper-expression of the P2X7R/NLRP3 inflammasome platform, probably able to modulate lymphomonocyte α-synuclein, whose brain deposits represent the main pathogenetic factor of PD. A reduced c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation might be the intracellular signalling mediating this effect. miR-7 and miR-30, implied in the pathogenesis of PD and in the post-transcriptional control of α-synuclein and NLRP3 expression, were also increased in PD. After 1 year of usual anti-Parkinson treatments, such inflammatory platform was significantly reduced. Conclusions: Mononuclear cells of newly diagnosed PD subjects display a hyper-expression of the P2X7R/NLRP3 inflammasome platform that seems to modulate cellular α-synuclein content and is reduced after PD treatment; an impaired JNK phosphorylation might be the intracellular signalling mediating this effect, undergoing an epigenetic regulation by miR-7 and miR-30.
2021
Solini, A.; Rossi, C.; Santini, E.; Giuntini, M.; Raggi, F.; Parolini, F.; Biancalana, E.; Del Prete, E.; Bonuccelli, U.; Ceravolo, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1116182
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