The amygdaloid body is a limbic nuclear complex characterized by connections with the thalamus, the brainstem and the neocortex. The recent advances in functional neurosurgery regarding the treatment of refractory epilepsy and several neuropsychiatric disorders renewed the interest in the study of its functional Neuroanatomy. In this scenario, we felt that a morphological study focused on the amygdaloid body and its connections could improve the understanding of the possible implications in functional neurosurgery. With this purpose we performed a morfological study using nine formalin-fixed human hemispheres dissected under microscopic magnification by using the fiber dissection technique originally described by Klingler. In our results the amygdaloid body presents two divergent projection systems named dorsal and ventral amygdalofugal pathways connecting the nuclear complex with the septum and the hypothalamus. Furthermore, the amygdaloid body is connected with the hippocampus through the amygdalo-hippocampal bundle, with the anterolateral temporal cortex through the amygdalo-temporalis fascicle, the anterior commissure and the temporo-pulvinar bundle of Arnold, with the insular cortex through the lateral olfactory stria, with the ambiens gyrus, the para-hippocampal gyrus and the basal forebrain through the cingulum, and with the frontal cortex through the uncinate fascicle. Finally, the amygdaloid body is connected with the brainstem through the medial forebrain bundle. Our description of the topographic anatomy of the amygdaloid body and its connections, hopefully represents a useful tool for clinicians and scientists, both in the scope of application and speculation.

Microsurgical anatomy of the amygdaloid body and its connections

Weiss A.;Di Carlo D. T.;Di Russo P.;Castagna M.;Cosottini M.;Perrini P.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The amygdaloid body is a limbic nuclear complex characterized by connections with the thalamus, the brainstem and the neocortex. The recent advances in functional neurosurgery regarding the treatment of refractory epilepsy and several neuropsychiatric disorders renewed the interest in the study of its functional Neuroanatomy. In this scenario, we felt that a morphological study focused on the amygdaloid body and its connections could improve the understanding of the possible implications in functional neurosurgery. With this purpose we performed a morfological study using nine formalin-fixed human hemispheres dissected under microscopic magnification by using the fiber dissection technique originally described by Klingler. In our results the amygdaloid body presents two divergent projection systems named dorsal and ventral amygdalofugal pathways connecting the nuclear complex with the septum and the hypothalamus. Furthermore, the amygdaloid body is connected with the hippocampus through the amygdalo-hippocampal bundle, with the anterolateral temporal cortex through the amygdalo-temporalis fascicle, the anterior commissure and the temporo-pulvinar bundle of Arnold, with the insular cortex through the lateral olfactory stria, with the ambiens gyrus, the para-hippocampal gyrus and the basal forebrain through the cingulum, and with the frontal cortex through the uncinate fascicle. Finally, the amygdaloid body is connected with the brainstem through the medial forebrain bundle. Our description of the topographic anatomy of the amygdaloid body and its connections, hopefully represents a useful tool for clinicians and scientists, both in the scope of application and speculation.
2021
Weiss, A.; Di Carlo, D. T.; Di Russo, P.; Weiss, F.; Castagna, M.; Cosottini, M.; Perrini, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1124084
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