We report the detection of X-ray polarization in the neutron-star low-mass X-ray binary Scorpius (Sco) X-1 with PolarLight. The result is energy-dependent, with a nondetection in 3-4 keV but a 4s detection in 4-8 keV; it is also flux-dependent in the 4-8 keV band, with a nondetection when the source displays low fluxes but a 5s detection during high fluxes, in which case we obtain a polarization fraction of 0.043 0.008 and a polarization angle of 52. 6 5. 4. This confirms a previous marginal detection with OSO-8 in the 1970s and marks Sco X-1 as the second astrophysical source with a significant polarization measurement in the keV band. The measured polarization angle is in line with the jet orientation of the source on the sky plane (54 ), which is supposedly the symmetry axis of the system. Combining previous spectral analysis, our measurements suggest that an optically thin corona is located in the transition layer under the highest accretion rates, and disfavor the extended accretion disk corona model.

A Significant Detection of X-ray Polarization in Sco X-1 with PolarLight and Constraints on the Corona Geometry

Nasimi H.;Baldini L.;Bellazzini R.;Spandre G.;Pinchera M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

We report the detection of X-ray polarization in the neutron-star low-mass X-ray binary Scorpius (Sco) X-1 with PolarLight. The result is energy-dependent, with a nondetection in 3-4 keV but a 4s detection in 4-8 keV; it is also flux-dependent in the 4-8 keV band, with a nondetection when the source displays low fluxes but a 5s detection during high fluxes, in which case we obtain a polarization fraction of 0.043 0.008 and a polarization angle of 52. 6 5. 4. This confirms a previous marginal detection with OSO-8 in the 1970s and marks Sco X-1 as the second astrophysical source with a significant polarization measurement in the keV band. The measured polarization angle is in line with the jet orientation of the source on the sky plane (54 ), which is supposedly the symmetry axis of the system. Combining previous spectral analysis, our measurements suggest that an optically thin corona is located in the transition layer under the highest accretion rates, and disfavor the extended accretion disk corona model.
2022
Long, X.; Feng, H.; Li, H.; Zhu, J.; Wu, Q.; Huang, J.; Minuti, M.; Jiang, W.; Yang, D.; Citraro, S.; Nasimi, H.; Yu, J.; Jin, G.; Zeng, M.; An, P.; Jiang, J.; Costa, E.; Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Brez, A.; Latronico, L.; Sgr, C.; Spandre, G.; Pinchera, M.; Muleri, F.; Soffitta, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1132146
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