Background and Objective: The schizophrenia diagnosis represents a difficult task because of the confusing descriptions of symptoms given by the patient, their similarity among several disorders, the lower familiarity with genetic predisposition, and the probably inadequate response to the treatment. Neuro-biological markers of schizophrenia, as a quantitative relationship between the psychiatrist's reports and the biology of the brain, could be used. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) obtain the subject's performance in cognitive tasks and may find significant differences between the patient's data and controls. The input data of classifiers may imply alterations in diagnosis; therefore, it is essential to ensure an adequate representation to describe the entire dataset classified. Methods: We propose a supervoxels-based representation calculated by two main steps: the short-range connectivity, supervoxels’ generation using a Fuzzy Iterative Clustering algorithm, and the long-range connectivity, employing Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis among supervoxels. The unrelated supervoxels, through a statistical test based on critical points calculated empirically, are removed. The remainder supervoxels are the input for feature selectors to extract the discriminative supervoxels. We implement support vector machine classifiers using the correlation coefficient of the significant supervoxels. The dataset of 1.5 Tesla was downloaded from the SchizConnect site, where the fMRI data, during an auditory oddball task, was acquired. We calculate the performance of the classifiers using a leave-one-out cross-validation and compute the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve and a permutation test to ensure no bias in the classifiers. Results: According to the permutation test, with p-values less than the significance level of 0.05, the classifiers extract discriminative class structure from data where no bias is shown. Our supervoxels-based representation gets the maximum values of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 92.9%, 100%, and 96.4%, respectively. The discriminative brain regions, to discern among patients and controls, are extracted; these regions also are mentioned by the related works. Conclusions: The proposed representation, based on supervoxels, is a data-driven model that does not use predefined models of the signal nor pre-relocated brain regions of interest. The results are competitive against the related works, and the relevant supervoxels are related to the schizophrenia diagnosis.

A novel event-related fMRI supervoxels-based representation and its application to schizophrenia diagnosis

Vanello N.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objective: The schizophrenia diagnosis represents a difficult task because of the confusing descriptions of symptoms given by the patient, their similarity among several disorders, the lower familiarity with genetic predisposition, and the probably inadequate response to the treatment. Neuro-biological markers of schizophrenia, as a quantitative relationship between the psychiatrist's reports and the biology of the brain, could be used. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) obtain the subject's performance in cognitive tasks and may find significant differences between the patient's data and controls. The input data of classifiers may imply alterations in diagnosis; therefore, it is essential to ensure an adequate representation to describe the entire dataset classified. Methods: We propose a supervoxels-based representation calculated by two main steps: the short-range connectivity, supervoxels’ generation using a Fuzzy Iterative Clustering algorithm, and the long-range connectivity, employing Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis among supervoxels. The unrelated supervoxels, through a statistical test based on critical points calculated empirically, are removed. The remainder supervoxels are the input for feature selectors to extract the discriminative supervoxels. We implement support vector machine classifiers using the correlation coefficient of the significant supervoxels. The dataset of 1.5 Tesla was downloaded from the SchizConnect site, where the fMRI data, during an auditory oddball task, was acquired. We calculate the performance of the classifiers using a leave-one-out cross-validation and compute the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve and a permutation test to ensure no bias in the classifiers. Results: According to the permutation test, with p-values less than the significance level of 0.05, the classifiers extract discriminative class structure from data where no bias is shown. Our supervoxels-based representation gets the maximum values of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 92.9%, 100%, and 96.4%, respectively. The discriminative brain regions, to discern among patients and controls, are extracted; these regions also are mentioned by the related works. Conclusions: The proposed representation, based on supervoxels, is a data-driven model that does not use predefined models of the signal nor pre-relocated brain regions of interest. The results are competitive against the related works, and the relevant supervoxels are related to the schizophrenia diagnosis.
2022
Cruz-Martinez, C.; Reyes-Garcia, C. A.; Vanello, N.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1132706
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact