Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a complex and multifactorial disease that causes metabolic disorders with acute and long-term serious complications. The onset of DM, with over 90% of cases of diabetes classified as type 2, implies several metabolic dysfunctions leading to consider DM a worldwide health problem. In this frame, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and aldose reductase (AR) are two emerging targets involved in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its chronic complications. Herein, we employed a marine-derived dual type inhibitor of these enzymes, phosphoeleganin, as chemical starting point to perform a fragment-based process in search for new inhibitors. Phosphoeleganin was both disassembled by its oxidative cleavage and used as model structure for the synthesis of a small library of functionalized derivatives as rationally designed analogues. Pharmacological screening supported by in silico docking analysis outlined the mechanism of action against PTP1B exerted by a phosphorylated fragment and a synthetic simplified analogue, which represent the most potent inhibitors in the library.

Identifying Human PTP1B Enzyme Inhibitors from Marine Natural Products: Perspectives for Developing of Novel Insulin-Mimetic Drugs

Francesco Balestri;Antonella Del Corso;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a complex and multifactorial disease that causes metabolic disorders with acute and long-term serious complications. The onset of DM, with over 90% of cases of diabetes classified as type 2, implies several metabolic dysfunctions leading to consider DM a worldwide health problem. In this frame, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and aldose reductase (AR) are two emerging targets involved in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its chronic complications. Herein, we employed a marine-derived dual type inhibitor of these enzymes, phosphoeleganin, as chemical starting point to perform a fragment-based process in search for new inhibitors. Phosphoeleganin was both disassembled by its oxidative cleavage and used as model structure for the synthesis of a small library of functionalized derivatives as rationally designed analogues. Pharmacological screening supported by in silico docking analysis outlined the mechanism of action against PTP1B exerted by a phosphorylated fragment and a synthetic simplified analogue, which represent the most potent inhibitors in the library.
2022
Casertano, Marcello; Genovese, Massimo; Piazza, Lucia; Balestri, Francesco; DEL CORSO, Antonella; Vito, Alessio; Santi, Alice; Paoli, Paolo; Imperator...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1132978
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