The measurement of the brachial artery diameter is frequently used in clinical studies for evaluating the flow-mediated dilation and, in conjunction with the blood pressure value, for assessing arterial stiffness. This paper presents a system for computing the brachial artery diameter in real-time by analyzing B-mode ultrasound images. The method is based on a robust edge detection algorithm which is used to automatically locate the two walls of the vessel. The measure of the diameter is obtained with subpixel precision and with a temporal resolution of 25 samples/s, so that the small dilations induced by the cardiac cycle can also be retrieved. The algorithm is implemented on a standalone video processing board which acquires the analog video signal from the ultrasound equipment. Results are shown in real-time on a graphical user interface. The system was tested both on synthetic ultrasound images and in clinical studies of flow-mediated dilation. Accuracy, robustness, and intra/inter observer variability of the method were evaluated.
|Autori:||Gemignani V; Faita F; Ghiadoni L; Poggianti E; Demi M.|
|Titolo:||A system for real-time measurement of the brachial artery diameter in B-mode ultrasound images.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TMI.2006.891477|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|