: The diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is challenging because of its phenotypic heterogeneity, multi-organ involvement often requiring the interaction among experts in different specialties and subspecialties, the lack of a single non-invasive diagnostic tool, and limited awareness in the medical community. Recent studies have challenged the dogma of CA as a rare, incurable disease, and have redefined the epidemiology and therapeutic options for this condition. Missing or delaying the diagnosis may have a profound impact on patient outcome, as potentially life-saving treatments may be omitted or delayed, particularly chemotherapy in the case of amyloid light-chain amyloidosis. For a timely identification, clinical cardiologists should be able to recognize the "red flags" prompting a dedicated diagnostic work-up. Cardiologists could also face the challenge of making decisions about drug and device therapies for patients with known CA. The present consensus document aims to provide a practical guide and an organizational framework for professionals belonging to the Tuscan network of hospital cardiologists.

[Approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiac amyloidosis. A consensus document by the Tuscan section of the Italian Association of Hospital Cardiologists (ANMCO) and the Tusco-Umbrian section of the Italian Society of Cardiology (SIC)]

Emdin, Michele;Aimo, Alberto;Vergaro, Giuseppe;Buda, Gabriele;Cappelli, Francesco;
2021-01-01

Abstract

: The diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is challenging because of its phenotypic heterogeneity, multi-organ involvement often requiring the interaction among experts in different specialties and subspecialties, the lack of a single non-invasive diagnostic tool, and limited awareness in the medical community. Recent studies have challenged the dogma of CA as a rare, incurable disease, and have redefined the epidemiology and therapeutic options for this condition. Missing or delaying the diagnosis may have a profound impact on patient outcome, as potentially life-saving treatments may be omitted or delayed, particularly chemotherapy in the case of amyloid light-chain amyloidosis. For a timely identification, clinical cardiologists should be able to recognize the "red flags" prompting a dedicated diagnostic work-up. Cardiologists could also face the challenge of making decisions about drug and device therapies for patients with known CA. The present consensus document aims to provide a practical guide and an organizational framework for professionals belonging to the Tuscan network of hospital cardiologists.
Emdin, Michele; Perfetto, Federico; Aimo, Alberto; Vergaro, Giuseppe; Buda, Gabriele; Cappelli, Francesco; Pieroni, Maurizio; Grippo, Gabriele; Sorini Dini, Carlotta; Canale, Maria Laura; Olivotto, Iacopo; Cameli, Matteo; Casolo, Giancarlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1138254
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