Soft tissue reconstruction in elderly patients must be rapid and reliable. The keystone island flap (KF) offers an effective solution, with low complication rates and quick recovery. This multi-centric study aims to show authors’ experience with KFs in treating soft tissue defects of trunk and limbs. Patients with soft tissue defects suitable for KF reconstruction were recruited from March 2019 to December 2019. Active inflammation and previous surgeries in the same region were considered exclusion criteria. Complications that occurred during follow-up were recorded, and their incidence pattern was assessed with the Fisher test. Seventy-two patients with mean age of 76.2 years old were selected. They presented lesions in torso (46; 63.9%) or in upper (4; 5.6%) or lower (22; 30.6%) limb regions. Fifteen (20.8%) wounds were non-oncologic lesions, and the others were oncologic lesions, mostly non-melanoma skin cancers. KF type I was carried out in 42 (58.3%) cases, KF type II-A in 13 (18%) cases, double opposed type III KF in 16 (22.2%) patients, and 1 (1.4%) case required partial flap's undermining (IV KF). Mean post-operative recovery period was 4.3 days (range, 1–9 days). Post-surgical complications occurred in 15 (20.8%) cases, 7 (9.7%) of them were considered major complications. No statistically significant difference in complications’ incidence, nor among different surgical sites nor among KF types, was registered. Reconstructive surgeons have to adapt their work to elderly patients. The KF allows rapid operative times, low morbidity rates, and short post-operative recovery time, thus appearing as a feasible solution.

The keystone flap: A multi-centric experience in elderly patients treatment

Cigna E.;
2022

Abstract

Soft tissue reconstruction in elderly patients must be rapid and reliable. The keystone island flap (KF) offers an effective solution, with low complication rates and quick recovery. This multi-centric study aims to show authors’ experience with KFs in treating soft tissue defects of trunk and limbs. Patients with soft tissue defects suitable for KF reconstruction were recruited from March 2019 to December 2019. Active inflammation and previous surgeries in the same region were considered exclusion criteria. Complications that occurred during follow-up were recorded, and their incidence pattern was assessed with the Fisher test. Seventy-two patients with mean age of 76.2 years old were selected. They presented lesions in torso (46; 63.9%) or in upper (4; 5.6%) or lower (22; 30.6%) limb regions. Fifteen (20.8%) wounds were non-oncologic lesions, and the others were oncologic lesions, mostly non-melanoma skin cancers. KF type I was carried out in 42 (58.3%) cases, KF type II-A in 13 (18%) cases, double opposed type III KF in 16 (22.2%) patients, and 1 (1.4%) case required partial flap's undermining (IV KF). Mean post-operative recovery period was 4.3 days (range, 1–9 days). Post-surgical complications occurred in 15 (20.8%) cases, 7 (9.7%) of them were considered major complications. No statistically significant difference in complications’ incidence, nor among different surgical sites nor among KF types, was registered. Reconstructive surgeons have to adapt their work to elderly patients. The KF allows rapid operative times, low morbidity rates, and short post-operative recovery time, thus appearing as a feasible solution.
Lo Torto, F.; Frattaroli, J. M.; Kaciulyte, J.; Mori, F. L. R.; Troisi, L.; Ciudad, P.; Manrique, O. J.; Marcasciano, M.; Pajardi, G. E.; Casella, D.; Cigna, E.; Ribuffo, D.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1141161
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact