Summary: Hyperextension deformity of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb causes pain and loss of function. Although many treatments have been proposed, none of them are universally accepted as ideal. The authors report a study of 12 symptomatic hyperextension deformities of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint in 10 patients who underwent surgical correction. The purpose of this study was to describe a new technique of tenodesis of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint using the extensor pollicis brevis tendon. The technique consists of extensor pollicis brevis tenotomy at the wrist and tendon transfer through two bone tunnels to the palmar aspect of the metacarpophalangeal joint before metacarpal fixation with a flexor tenodesis effect. Correction of hyperextension and range of motion were assessed. Functional changes were evaluated by Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score, pain visual analogue scale, Kapandji opposition scheme, and pinch strength. The Wilcoxon test was used for statistical analysis. Mean preoperative and postoperative metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension deformities were +50.83 ± 5.57 degrees and −17.91 ± 7.82 degrees, respectively. Thumb opposition improved by one point on Kapandji’s scheme. Mean perceived pain decreased from 7.66 to 1.16. On average, the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was reduced by 34.4 points and pinch strength increased by 50.42 percent. The authors found that extensor pollicis brevis transosseous tenodesis is a safe and minimally invasive method for successfully correcting the functionality and cosmetic appearance of metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension deformities in posttraumatic and trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis cases. The patients retained functional active flexion, even in deformities greater than 40 degrees.

Extensor Pollicis Brevis Transosseous Tenodesis Technique for Treatment of Acquired Metacarpophalangeal Hyperextension Deformity of the Thumb: A Preliminary Report

Cigna E.;
2022

Abstract

Summary: Hyperextension deformity of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb causes pain and loss of function. Although many treatments have been proposed, none of them are universally accepted as ideal. The authors report a study of 12 symptomatic hyperextension deformities of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint in 10 patients who underwent surgical correction. The purpose of this study was to describe a new technique of tenodesis of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint using the extensor pollicis brevis tendon. The technique consists of extensor pollicis brevis tenotomy at the wrist and tendon transfer through two bone tunnels to the palmar aspect of the metacarpophalangeal joint before metacarpal fixation with a flexor tenodesis effect. Correction of hyperextension and range of motion were assessed. Functional changes were evaluated by Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score, pain visual analogue scale, Kapandji opposition scheme, and pinch strength. The Wilcoxon test was used for statistical analysis. Mean preoperative and postoperative metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension deformities were +50.83 ± 5.57 degrees and −17.91 ± 7.82 degrees, respectively. Thumb opposition improved by one point on Kapandji’s scheme. Mean perceived pain decreased from 7.66 to 1.16. On average, the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was reduced by 34.4 points and pinch strength increased by 50.42 percent. The authors found that extensor pollicis brevis transosseous tenodesis is a safe and minimally invasive method for successfully correcting the functionality and cosmetic appearance of metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension deformities in posttraumatic and trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis cases. The patients retained functional active flexion, even in deformities greater than 40 degrees.
Hernandez-Cortes, P.; Hernandez-Peregrina, P.; Pajares-Lopez, M.; Cigna, E.; Sanchez-Montesinos, I.; Roda, O.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1141165
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