Purpose: Low-grade inflammation contributes to heart failure in obesity or type 2 diabetes mellitus. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a key regulator of several pro-inflammatory responses in multiple tissues and organs; however, its involvement in the onset of heart dysfunction remains unclear. The study evaluated the role of P2X7R as a cardiac function regulator in C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and P2X7R knockout (KO) mice by inducing systemic inflammation with high fat diet (HFD). Methods: Specific parameters of systolic and diastolic function and heart morphology were measured in vivo before animal sacrifice by high-frequency ultrasonographic analysis. Gene and protein expression of cardiac biomarkers associated with inflammatory-oxidative pathways were evaluated by real-time PCR and Western Blotting. Results: P2X7R-mediated up-regulation of the NLRP3-caspase-1 complex, increased expression of key oxidative stress (NOS-2, TNFα), and chemotactic (MCP-1) mediators were revealed in WT-HFD animals. In KO-HFD mice, such inflammatory-oxidative pathway was silent. Nevertheless, HFD induced in vivo a clear alteration of diastolic pattern (E/A: p < 0.03 vs WT-HFD) and a cardiac morphologic remodelling (left ventricular mass: p < 0.05 vs WT-HFD) only in P2X7R KO animals. Surprisingly, the transcriptional and protein expression of IL-1β and IL-6, usually regulated through P2X7R activation, were significantly higher in KO-HFD than in WT-HFD mice (both p < 0.05). Furthermore, an up-regulation of miR-214 and a down-regulation of miR-126 in heart of HFD-KO mice were observed, suggesting a link between such epigenetic dysregulation and cytokine overexpression as a potential pathophysiologic mechanism concurring to the progressive cardiac dysfunction. Conclusion: These findings seem to suggest a cardioprotective role of P2X7R toward this tissue-specific inflammatory damage, likely through tissue homeostasis and organ functionality preservation.

P2X7 Receptor and Heart Function in a Mouse Model of Systemic Inflammation Due to High Fat Diet

Raggi, Francesco;Rossi, Chiara;Faita, Francesco;Distaso, Mariarosaria;Solini, Anna
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Low-grade inflammation contributes to heart failure in obesity or type 2 diabetes mellitus. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a key regulator of several pro-inflammatory responses in multiple tissues and organs; however, its involvement in the onset of heart dysfunction remains unclear. The study evaluated the role of P2X7R as a cardiac function regulator in C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and P2X7R knockout (KO) mice by inducing systemic inflammation with high fat diet (HFD). Methods: Specific parameters of systolic and diastolic function and heart morphology were measured in vivo before animal sacrifice by high-frequency ultrasonographic analysis. Gene and protein expression of cardiac biomarkers associated with inflammatory-oxidative pathways were evaluated by real-time PCR and Western Blotting. Results: P2X7R-mediated up-regulation of the NLRP3-caspase-1 complex, increased expression of key oxidative stress (NOS-2, TNFα), and chemotactic (MCP-1) mediators were revealed in WT-HFD animals. In KO-HFD mice, such inflammatory-oxidative pathway was silent. Nevertheless, HFD induced in vivo a clear alteration of diastolic pattern (E/A: p < 0.03 vs WT-HFD) and a cardiac morphologic remodelling (left ventricular mass: p < 0.05 vs WT-HFD) only in P2X7R KO animals. Surprisingly, the transcriptional and protein expression of IL-1β and IL-6, usually regulated through P2X7R activation, were significantly higher in KO-HFD than in WT-HFD mice (both p < 0.05). Furthermore, an up-regulation of miR-214 and a down-regulation of miR-126 in heart of HFD-KO mice were observed, suggesting a link between such epigenetic dysregulation and cytokine overexpression as a potential pathophysiologic mechanism concurring to the progressive cardiac dysfunction. Conclusion: These findings seem to suggest a cardioprotective role of P2X7R toward this tissue-specific inflammatory damage, likely through tissue homeostasis and organ functionality preservation.
Raggi, Francesco; Rossi, Chiara; Faita, Francesco; Distaso, Mariarosaria; Kusmic, Claudia; Solini, Anna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1142078
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