We investigate a spatial subsystem entropy extracted from the one-particle density matrix (OPDM) of one-dimensional disordered interacting fermions that host a many-body localized (MBL) phase. Deep in the putative MBL regime, this OPDM entropy exhibits the salient scaling features of localization, even though it provides only an upper bound to the von Neumann entropy. First, we numerically show that the OPDM entropy of the eigenstates obeys an area law. Second, like the von Neumann entropy, the OPDM entropy grows logarithmically with time after a quantum quench, albeit with a different prefactor. Both these features survive at moderately large interactions and well toward the transition into the ergodic phase. We discuss prospects for calculating the OPDM entropy using approximate numerical methods and for its measurement in quantum gas experiments.

Scaling properties of a spatial one-particle density-matrix entropy in many-body localized systems

Alba V.
2021

Abstract

We investigate a spatial subsystem entropy extracted from the one-particle density matrix (OPDM) of one-dimensional disordered interacting fermions that host a many-body localized (MBL) phase. Deep in the putative MBL regime, this OPDM entropy exhibits the salient scaling features of localization, even though it provides only an upper bound to the von Neumann entropy. First, we numerically show that the OPDM entropy of the eigenstates obeys an area law. Second, like the von Neumann entropy, the OPDM entropy grows logarithmically with time after a quantum quench, albeit with a different prefactor. Both these features survive at moderately large interactions and well toward the transition into the ergodic phase. We discuss prospects for calculating the OPDM entropy using approximate numerical methods and for its measurement in quantum gas experiments.
Hopjan, M.; Heidrich-Meisner, F.; Alba, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1142271
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