Pin1 catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of pThr-Pro or pSer-Pro amide bonds of various proteins involved in several physio/pathological processes. In this framework, recent research activity is directed toward the identification of new selective Pin1 inhibitors. Here, we developed a set of peptide-based Pin1 inhibitors. Direct-binding experiments allowed the identification of the peptide-based inhibitor 5 k (methylacetyl-l-alanyl-l-histidyl-l-prolyl-l-phenylalaninate) as a potent ligand of Pin1. Notably, 5 k binds Pin1 with higher affinity than Pin4. The comparative analysis of molecular models of Pin1 and Pin4 with the selected compound gave a rational explanation of the biochemical activity and pinpointed the chemical elements that, if opportunely modified, may further improve inhibitory potency, pharmacological properties, and selectivity of future peptide-based parvulin inhibitors. Since 5 k showed limited cell penetration and no antiproliferative activity, it was conjugated to a polyarginine stretch (R8), known to promote cell penetration of peptides, to obtain the R8–5 k derivative, which displayed antiproliferative effects on cancer cell lines over non-tumor cells. The effect of R8 on cell proliferation was also investigated. This work warrants caution about applying the R8 strategy in the development of cell-penetrating antiproliferative peptides, as it is not inert.

Design and Synthesis of Oligopeptidic Parvulin Inhibitors

Brogi S.;Calderone V.;
2022

Abstract

Pin1 catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of pThr-Pro or pSer-Pro amide bonds of various proteins involved in several physio/pathological processes. In this framework, recent research activity is directed toward the identification of new selective Pin1 inhibitors. Here, we developed a set of peptide-based Pin1 inhibitors. Direct-binding experiments allowed the identification of the peptide-based inhibitor 5 k (methylacetyl-l-alanyl-l-histidyl-l-prolyl-l-phenylalaninate) as a potent ligand of Pin1. Notably, 5 k binds Pin1 with higher affinity than Pin4. The comparative analysis of molecular models of Pin1 and Pin4 with the selected compound gave a rational explanation of the biochemical activity and pinpointed the chemical elements that, if opportunely modified, may further improve inhibitory potency, pharmacological properties, and selectivity of future peptide-based parvulin inhibitors. Since 5 k showed limited cell penetration and no antiproliferative activity, it was conjugated to a polyarginine stretch (R8), known to promote cell penetration of peptides, to obtain the R8–5 k derivative, which displayed antiproliferative effects on cancer cell lines over non-tumor cells. The effect of R8 on cell proliferation was also investigated. This work warrants caution about applying the R8 strategy in the development of cell-penetrating antiproliferative peptides, as it is not inert.
Relitti, N.; Prasanth Saraswati, A.; Carullo, G.; Papa, A.; Monti, A.; Benedetti, R.; Passaro, E.; Brogi, S.; Calderone, V.; Butini, S.; Gemma, S.; Altucci, L.; Campiani, G.; Doti, N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1142788
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