Visual Neglect (VN) is a common neuropsychological disorder in adults with unilateral brain lesion (UBL), characterized by the failure to attend and to report sensory events occurring in one side of space, contralateral to an area of brain damage. Less is known about VN expression in children following brain injury. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the presence of VN in UBL children and to identify the best neuropsychological assessment’s tool for this population. A comprehensive search of 4 databases (Pubmed, Cochrane Database, SCOPUS, DARE) was undertaken from May 2020 to January 2021. Inclusion criteria were (i) subjects less than 18 years with cerebral lesions and with MRI, (ii) specific neuropsychological assessments for VN, (iii) studies published in English since 2000. A total of 309 articles were found in the initial search but only 10 observational studies met the full inclusion criteria. In these studies, 1051 subjects were evaluated for VN, of them 749 were controls and 302 had brain lesions. The two most common types of neuropsychological tools used in children with unilateral brain damage to assess the presence of VN were target cancellation tests and drawing tests. This review confirms the possibility that children with UBL can develop VN, even if it is not very clear which brain structure’s characteristics can increase this risk. Children with right lesion showed visuo-spatial attention deficits focalized on the contralateral side, compatible with diagnosis of VN, while children with left lesion showed more generalized attention difficulties. The overall level of evidence correlating the presence of VN and different types of UBL in children was low and neuropsychological assessment of VN for children are sparse. Some important limitations of this review must be reported: the limited number of studies included, the administration of various types of tests to evaluate VN, the lack of information regarding the cognitive level of children in most of the studies. Further research is needed to understand patterns of VN based on brain structure and time since lesion. Systematic Review Registration: ID on PROSPERO: CRD42021281993.

Visual neglect: does it exist in children with unilateral brain lesion? A systematic review

Purpura G.;Guzzetta A.;Tinelli F.
2022

Abstract

Visual Neglect (VN) is a common neuropsychological disorder in adults with unilateral brain lesion (UBL), characterized by the failure to attend and to report sensory events occurring in one side of space, contralateral to an area of brain damage. Less is known about VN expression in children following brain injury. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the presence of VN in UBL children and to identify the best neuropsychological assessment’s tool for this population. A comprehensive search of 4 databases (Pubmed, Cochrane Database, SCOPUS, DARE) was undertaken from May 2020 to January 2021. Inclusion criteria were (i) subjects less than 18 years with cerebral lesions and with MRI, (ii) specific neuropsychological assessments for VN, (iii) studies published in English since 2000. A total of 309 articles were found in the initial search but only 10 observational studies met the full inclusion criteria. In these studies, 1051 subjects were evaluated for VN, of them 749 were controls and 302 had brain lesions. The two most common types of neuropsychological tools used in children with unilateral brain damage to assess the presence of VN were target cancellation tests and drawing tests. This review confirms the possibility that children with UBL can develop VN, even if it is not very clear which brain structure’s characteristics can increase this risk. Children with right lesion showed visuo-spatial attention deficits focalized on the contralateral side, compatible with diagnosis of VN, while children with left lesion showed more generalized attention difficulties. The overall level of evidence correlating the presence of VN and different types of UBL in children was low and neuropsychological assessment of VN for children are sparse. Some important limitations of this review must be reported: the limited number of studies included, the administration of various types of tests to evaluate VN, the lack of information regarding the cognitive level of children in most of the studies. Further research is needed to understand patterns of VN based on brain structure and time since lesion. Systematic Review Registration: ID on PROSPERO: CRD42021281993.
Purpura, G.; Guzzetta, A.; Tinelli, F.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1143735
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact