This paper analyses the role of migrants in productivity growth in the three largest European countries–France, Germany and the United Kingdom– in the years 1994-2007, using Total Factor Productivity. Unlike previous research, which mainly employs a regional approach, our analysis is at the sectoral level: this allows us to distinguish the real contribution of migrants to productivity from possible inter- sectoral complementarities, which might as well foster growth . We control for the share of migrants and the different components of human -capital, such as education, age and diversity of origin, and adopt instrumental variables strategies to address the possible endogeneity of migration. The results show that migrants directly contribute to the productivity of the sectors in which they are employed, but with important differences: highly-educated migrants show a larger positive effect in the high-tech sectors,and to a lesser extent in the services sector. The diversity of countries of origin contributes to productivity growth only in the services sectors

Foreign Human Capital and Total Factor Productivity: A sector approach

Fassio Claudio;
2019

Abstract

This paper analyses the role of migrants in productivity growth in the three largest European countries–France, Germany and the United Kingdom– in the years 1994-2007, using Total Factor Productivity. Unlike previous research, which mainly employs a regional approach, our analysis is at the sectoral level: this allows us to distinguish the real contribution of migrants to productivity from possible inter- sectoral complementarities, which might as well foster growth . We control for the share of migrants and the different components of human -capital, such as education, age and diversity of origin, and adopt instrumental variables strategies to address the possible endogeneity of migration. The results show that migrants directly contribute to the productivity of the sectors in which they are employed, but with important differences: highly-educated migrants show a larger positive effect in the high-tech sectors,and to a lesser extent in the services sector. The diversity of countries of origin contributes to productivity growth only in the services sectors
Fassio, Claudio; Soan, Kalataryan; Alessandra, Venturini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1144631
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