In this study, in order to address the drawback of cisplatin (CDDP)-induced ototoxicity, we propose a straightforward strategy based on the delivery of a sulfur-based antioxidant, such as lipoic acid (LA), to HEI-OC1 cells. To this aim, hybrid liposomes (LA@PCGC) with a spherical shape and a mean diameter of 25 nm were obtained by direct sonication of LA, phosphatidylcholine and a gelatin-curcumin conjugate in a physiological buffer. LA@PCGC were found to be stable over time, were quickly (i.e., by 1 h) taken up by HEI-OC1 cells, and guaranteed strong retention of the bioactive molecule, since LA release was less than 20%, even after 100 h. Cell viability studies showed the efficiency of LA@PCGC for stabilizing the protective activity of LA. Curcumin residues within the functional liposomes were indeed able to maintain the biological activity of LA, significantly improving (up to 2.19-fold) the viability of HEI-OC1 cells treated with 5 µM CDDP. Finally, LA@PCGC was incorporated within an alginate-based injectable hydrogel carrier to create a formulation with physical chemical features suitable for potential ear applications.

Encapsulation of Alpha-Lipoic Acid in Functional Hybrid Liposomes: Promising Tool for the Reduction of Cisplatin-Induced Ototoxicity

Amato R.;Guidotti L.;Garcia-Gil M.
2022

Abstract

In this study, in order to address the drawback of cisplatin (CDDP)-induced ototoxicity, we propose a straightforward strategy based on the delivery of a sulfur-based antioxidant, such as lipoic acid (LA), to HEI-OC1 cells. To this aim, hybrid liposomes (LA@PCGC) with a spherical shape and a mean diameter of 25 nm were obtained by direct sonication of LA, phosphatidylcholine and a gelatin-curcumin conjugate in a physiological buffer. LA@PCGC were found to be stable over time, were quickly (i.e., by 1 h) taken up by HEI-OC1 cells, and guaranteed strong retention of the bioactive molecule, since LA release was less than 20%, even after 100 h. Cell viability studies showed the efficiency of LA@PCGC for stabilizing the protective activity of LA. Curcumin residues within the functional liposomes were indeed able to maintain the biological activity of LA, significantly improving (up to 2.19-fold) the viability of HEI-OC1 cells treated with 5 µM CDDP. Finally, LA@PCGC was incorporated within an alginate-based injectable hydrogel carrier to create a formulation with physical chemical features suitable for potential ear applications.
Curcio, M.; Cirillo, G.; Amato, R.; Guidotti, L.; Amantea, D.; De Luca, M.; Nicoletta, F. P.; Iemma, F.; Garcia-Gil, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1144752
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