Context Measurement of driver mutations in circulating tumoral DNA (ctDNA) obtained by liquid biopsy has been shown to be a sensitive biomarker in several human tumors. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical relevance of pre- and post-operative ctDNA in sporadic medullary thyroid cancer (sMTC). Methods We studied pre- and post-operative ctDNA in 26 and 23 sMTC patients, respectively. ctDNA results were correlated to serum calcitonin (Ct), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and other clinical/pathological features. Results Twenty-six of 29 (89.7%) sMTCs were mutated either for RET or RAS and 3/29 (10.3%) were negative. Four of 26 (15.4%) cases showed positive pre-operative ctDNA with a significantly higher presence of RET M918T mutation (P = 0.0468). Patients with positive pre-operative ctDNA showed a higher variation allele frequency value of the somatic driver mutation (P = 0.0434) and a higher frequency of persistent disease (P = 0.0221). Post-operative ctDNA was positive only in 3/23 (13%) sMTCs and no one was positive for pre-operative ctDNA. Higher values of both Ct (P = 0.0307) and CEA (P = 0.0013) were found in positive ctDNA cases. Finally, the 7 cases harboring either pre- or post-operative positive ctDNA had a persistent disease (P = 0.0005) showing a higher post-operative serum Ct when compared with cases with negative ctDNA (P = 0.0092). Conclusions Pre-operative ctDNA in medullary thyroid cancer is not useful for diagnostic purposes, but it can be useful for predicting the outcome of the disease. In our series, post-operative ctDNA showed a potential for monitoring the response to therapies, but further studies are required to confirm our results.

Pre- And Post-Operative Circulating Tumoral Dna In Patients With Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

Ciampi, Raffaele
Primo
;
Romei, Cristina;Ramone, Teresa;Matrone, Antonio;Prete, Alessandro;Gambale, Carla;Materazzi, Gabriele;De Napoli, Luigi;Torregrossa, Liborio;Basolo, Fulvio;Castagna, Maria Grazia;Elisei, Rossella
2022

Abstract

Context Measurement of driver mutations in circulating tumoral DNA (ctDNA) obtained by liquid biopsy has been shown to be a sensitive biomarker in several human tumors. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical relevance of pre- and post-operative ctDNA in sporadic medullary thyroid cancer (sMTC). Methods We studied pre- and post-operative ctDNA in 26 and 23 sMTC patients, respectively. ctDNA results were correlated to serum calcitonin (Ct), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and other clinical/pathological features. Results Twenty-six of 29 (89.7%) sMTCs were mutated either for RET or RAS and 3/29 (10.3%) were negative. Four of 26 (15.4%) cases showed positive pre-operative ctDNA with a significantly higher presence of RET M918T mutation (P = 0.0468). Patients with positive pre-operative ctDNA showed a higher variation allele frequency value of the somatic driver mutation (P = 0.0434) and a higher frequency of persistent disease (P = 0.0221). Post-operative ctDNA was positive only in 3/23 (13%) sMTCs and no one was positive for pre-operative ctDNA. Higher values of both Ct (P = 0.0307) and CEA (P = 0.0013) were found in positive ctDNA cases. Finally, the 7 cases harboring either pre- or post-operative positive ctDNA had a persistent disease (P = 0.0005) showing a higher post-operative serum Ct when compared with cases with negative ctDNA (P = 0.0092). Conclusions Pre-operative ctDNA in medullary thyroid cancer is not useful for diagnostic purposes, but it can be useful for predicting the outcome of the disease. In our series, post-operative ctDNA showed a potential for monitoring the response to therapies, but further studies are required to confirm our results.
Ciampi, Raffaele; Romei, Cristina; Ramone, Teresa; Matrone, Antonio; Prete, Alessandro; Gambale, Carla; Materazzi, Gabriele; De Napoli, Luigi; Torregrossa, Liborio; Basolo, Fulvio; Castagna, Maria Grazia; Brilli, Lucia; Ferretti, Elisabetta; Elisei, Rossella
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1144959
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact