The molecular orientation in polymer fibers is investigated for the purpose of enhancing their optical properties through nanoscale control by nanowires mixed in electrospun solutions. A prototypical system, consisting of a conjugated polymer blended with polyvinylpyrrolidone, mixed with WO3nanowires, is analyzed. A critical strain rate of the electrospinning jet is determined by theoretical modeling at which point the polymer network undergoes a stretch transition in the fiber direction, resulting in a high molecular orientation that is partially retained after solidification. Nearing a nanowire boundary, local adsorption of the polymer and hydrodynamic drag further enhance the molecular orientation. These theoretical predictions are supported by polarized scanning near-field optical microscopy experiments, where the dichroic ratio of the light transmitted by the fiber provides evidence of increased orientation nearby nanowires. The addition of nanowires to enhance molecular alignment in polymer fibers might consequently enhance properties such as photoluminescence quantum yield, polarized emission, and tailored energy migration, exploitable in light-emitting photonic and optoelectronic devices and for sensing applications.

WO3 Nanowires Enhance Molecular Alignment and Optical Anisotropy in Electrospun Nanocomposite Fibers: Implications for Hybrid Light-Emitting Systems

Camposeo A.;Fuso F.;Pisignano D.;
2022

Abstract

The molecular orientation in polymer fibers is investigated for the purpose of enhancing their optical properties through nanoscale control by nanowires mixed in electrospun solutions. A prototypical system, consisting of a conjugated polymer blended with polyvinylpyrrolidone, mixed with WO3nanowires, is analyzed. A critical strain rate of the electrospinning jet is determined by theoretical modeling at which point the polymer network undergoes a stretch transition in the fiber direction, resulting in a high molecular orientation that is partially retained after solidification. Nearing a nanowire boundary, local adsorption of the polymer and hydrodynamic drag further enhance the molecular orientation. These theoretical predictions are supported by polarized scanning near-field optical microscopy experiments, where the dichroic ratio of the light transmitted by the fiber provides evidence of increased orientation nearby nanowires. The addition of nanowires to enhance molecular alignment in polymer fibers might consequently enhance properties such as photoluminescence quantum yield, polarized emission, and tailored energy migration, exploitable in light-emitting photonic and optoelectronic devices and for sensing applications.
Greenfeld, I.; Camposeo, A.; Portone, A.; Romano, L.; Allegrini, M.; Fuso, F.; Pisignano, D.; Wagner, H. D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1145546
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