Artificial carotenoid-tetrapyrrole dyads have been extensively used as model systems to understand the quenching mechanisms that occur in light-harvesting complexes during nonphotochemical quenching. In particular, dyads containing a carotenoid covalently linked to a zinc phthalocyanine have been studied by transient absorption spectroscopy, and the observed signals have been interpreted in terms of an excitonically coupled state involving the lowest excited states of the two fragments. If present, such excitonic delocalization would have significant implications on the mechanism of nonphotochemical quenching. Here, we use quantum chemical calculations to show that this delocalization is not needed to reproduce the transient absorption spectra. On the contrary, the observed signals can be explained through excitonic couplings in the higher-energy manifold of states. We also argue that the covalent linkage between the two fragments allows for electronic communications, which complicates the analysis of the spectra based on two independent but coupled moieties. These findings call for a more thorough reassessment of the photophysics in these dyads and its implications in the context of natural nonphotochemical quenching.

Excitonic Nature of Carotenoid-Phthalocyanine Dyads and Its Role in Transient Absorption Spectra

Sláma, Vladislav
;
Cupellini, Lorenzo;Mennucci, Benedetta
2022

Abstract

Artificial carotenoid-tetrapyrrole dyads have been extensively used as model systems to understand the quenching mechanisms that occur in light-harvesting complexes during nonphotochemical quenching. In particular, dyads containing a carotenoid covalently linked to a zinc phthalocyanine have been studied by transient absorption spectroscopy, and the observed signals have been interpreted in terms of an excitonically coupled state involving the lowest excited states of the two fragments. If present, such excitonic delocalization would have significant implications on the mechanism of nonphotochemical quenching. Here, we use quantum chemical calculations to show that this delocalization is not needed to reproduce the transient absorption spectra. On the contrary, the observed signals can be explained through excitonic couplings in the higher-energy manifold of states. We also argue that the covalent linkage between the two fragments allows for electronic communications, which complicates the analysis of the spectra based on two independent but coupled moieties. These findings call for a more thorough reassessment of the photophysics in these dyads and its implications in the context of natural nonphotochemical quenching.
Sláma, Vladislav; Cupellini, Lorenzo; Mennucci, Benedetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1145832
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