Background: Energy-based devices are surgical devices increasingly utilized for thyroid surgery, owing to a reduction of operative time and surgical related complications. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether the use of energy-based devices could improve the complication rate in pediatric thyroid surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. We identified 177 consecutive pediatric patients (Group A) with thyroid diseases, surgically treated by energy-based devices and 237 patients (Group B) treated by conventional clamp and tie technique and matched for sex, age and indication for surgery. Transient and permanent complications rate, operative time and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results: Patients of Group A experienced a lower complication rate compared to Group B. Particularly, transient (11.3 vs. 19% p < 0.05) and permanent post operative hypoparathyroidism (1.7 vs. 5.5%, p < 0.05) were lower in Group A. Moreover, operative time was also shorter in Group A compared to Group B and this difference was statistically significant in patients who performed total thyroidectomy alone and total thyroidectomy associated with central compartment neck dissection (p < 0.05). Length of hospital stay was lower in Group A than in Group B, but this difference was statistically significant only for microfollicular lesion (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of energy-based devices has a key role in reducing surgical related complications, particularly transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism, operative time and length of hospital stay in pediatric patients treated with thyroid surgery. Level of evidence: Level III. Type of study: Retrospective comparative study.

Impact of energy-based devices in pediatric thyroid surgery

De Napoli L.
;
Matrone A.;Ambrosini C. E.;Becucci C.;Pieroni E.;Vagelli F.;Taddei G.;Gjeloshi B.;Torregrossa L.;Elisei R.;Spinelli C.;Materazzi G.
2022

Abstract

Background: Energy-based devices are surgical devices increasingly utilized for thyroid surgery, owing to a reduction of operative time and surgical related complications. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether the use of energy-based devices could improve the complication rate in pediatric thyroid surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. We identified 177 consecutive pediatric patients (Group A) with thyroid diseases, surgically treated by energy-based devices and 237 patients (Group B) treated by conventional clamp and tie technique and matched for sex, age and indication for surgery. Transient and permanent complications rate, operative time and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results: Patients of Group A experienced a lower complication rate compared to Group B. Particularly, transient (11.3 vs. 19% p < 0.05) and permanent post operative hypoparathyroidism (1.7 vs. 5.5%, p < 0.05) were lower in Group A. Moreover, operative time was also shorter in Group A compared to Group B and this difference was statistically significant in patients who performed total thyroidectomy alone and total thyroidectomy associated with central compartment neck dissection (p < 0.05). Length of hospital stay was lower in Group A than in Group B, but this difference was statistically significant only for microfollicular lesion (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of energy-based devices has a key role in reducing surgical related complications, particularly transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism, operative time and length of hospital stay in pediatric patients treated with thyroid surgery. Level of evidence: Level III. Type of study: Retrospective comparative study.
De Napoli, L.; Matrone, A.; Ambrosini, C. E.; Becucci, C.; Pieroni, E.; Vagelli, F.; Taddei, G.; Gjeloshi, B.; Torregrossa, L.; Elisei, R.; Spinelli, C.; Materazzi, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1146056
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