Background: Large thyroid masses, particularly if rapidly growing, are often characterized by compression and infiltration of the vital structures of the neck. Therefore, an early and precise diagnosis, not only of malignancy but also of histotype, is mandatory to set up the right therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in this setting. Patients and Methods: We prospectively evaluated 95 patients with large and rapidly growing thyroid masses admitted to the University Hospital of Pisa between April 2014 and January 2020. All patients were submitted to FNAC and CNB in the same session. The ability of both procedures to diagnose the malignancy of the lesions, particularly the histotype, and to obtain sufficient material to perform molecular analysis was evaluated. Results: FNAC obtained adequate tumor sample to reach a diagnosis in 76 of 95 (80%) patients, while a higher percentage was obtained with CNB (92/95, 96.8%). FNAC was able to identify the malignancy of the lesion in 74 of 95 (77.9%) cases, but only in 16 of 74 (21.6%) cases was it able to define the histotype. CNB was able to define the malignancy of the lesion in all but three cases (92/95, 96.8%), and in all specimens, the histotype was identified. Moreover, in all cases, the material extracted from CNB was optimal to perform molecular analysis. No surgery-related complications were experienced with both procedures. Conclusions: CNB is a rapid and safe procedure with higher performance compared to FNAC in identifying the histotype of large and rapidly growing thyroid masses. Moreover, adequate material can be obtained to characterize the molecular profile for the treatment of potentially lethal cancers. In the era of precision medicine, CNB should be introduced in routine clinical practice as a key procedure for an early diagnosis and therapy of these diseases.

Core Needle Biopsy Can Early and Precisely Identify Large Thyroid Masses

Matrone A.;De Napoli L.;Torregrossa L.;Aghababyan A.;Papini P.;Ambrosini C. E.;Cervelli R.;Ugolini C.;Basolo F.;Molinaro E.;Elisei R.
;
Materazzi G.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: Large thyroid masses, particularly if rapidly growing, are often characterized by compression and infiltration of the vital structures of the neck. Therefore, an early and precise diagnosis, not only of malignancy but also of histotype, is mandatory to set up the right therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in this setting. Patients and Methods: We prospectively evaluated 95 patients with large and rapidly growing thyroid masses admitted to the University Hospital of Pisa between April 2014 and January 2020. All patients were submitted to FNAC and CNB in the same session. The ability of both procedures to diagnose the malignancy of the lesions, particularly the histotype, and to obtain sufficient material to perform molecular analysis was evaluated. Results: FNAC obtained adequate tumor sample to reach a diagnosis in 76 of 95 (80%) patients, while a higher percentage was obtained with CNB (92/95, 96.8%). FNAC was able to identify the malignancy of the lesion in 74 of 95 (77.9%) cases, but only in 16 of 74 (21.6%) cases was it able to define the histotype. CNB was able to define the malignancy of the lesion in all but three cases (92/95, 96.8%), and in all specimens, the histotype was identified. Moreover, in all cases, the material extracted from CNB was optimal to perform molecular analysis. No surgery-related complications were experienced with both procedures. Conclusions: CNB is a rapid and safe procedure with higher performance compared to FNAC in identifying the histotype of large and rapidly growing thyroid masses. Moreover, adequate material can be obtained to characterize the molecular profile for the treatment of potentially lethal cancers. In the era of precision medicine, CNB should be introduced in routine clinical practice as a key procedure for an early diagnosis and therapy of these diseases.
Matrone, A.; De Napoli, L.; Torregrossa, L.; Aghababyan, A.; Papini, P.; Ambrosini, C. E.; Cervelli, R.; Ugolini, C.; Basolo, F.; Molinaro, E.; Elisei, R.; Materazzi, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1146060
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