We have developed a formalism to study nonadiabatic, nonradial oscillations of nonrotating compact stars in the frequency domain, including the effects of thermal diffusion in the framework of general relativistic perturbation theory. When a general equation of state depending on temperature is used, the perturbations of the fluid result in heat flux which is coupled with the space-time geometry through the Einstein field equations. Our results show that the frequency of the first pressure (p) and gravity (g) oscillation modes is significantly affected by thermal diffusion, while that of the fundamental (f) mode is basically unaltered due to the global nature of that oscillation. The damping time of the oscillations is generally much smaller than in the adiabatic case (more than 2 orders of magnitude for the p- and g-modes) reflecting the effect of thermal dissipation. Both the isothermal and adiabatic limits are recovered in our treatment and we study in more detail the intermediate regime. Our formalism finds its natural astrophysical application in the study of the oscillation properties of newly born neutron stars, neutron stars with a deconfined quark core phase, or strange stars which are all promising sources of gravitational waves with frequencies in the band of the first generation and advanced ground-based interferometric detectors.

Non-adiabatic oscillations of compact stars in general relativity

GUALTIERI, Leonardo;
2004

Abstract

We have developed a formalism to study nonadiabatic, nonradial oscillations of nonrotating compact stars in the frequency domain, including the effects of thermal diffusion in the framework of general relativistic perturbation theory. When a general equation of state depending on temperature is used, the perturbations of the fluid result in heat flux which is coupled with the space-time geometry through the Einstein field equations. Our results show that the frequency of the first pressure (p) and gravity (g) oscillation modes is significantly affected by thermal diffusion, while that of the fundamental (f) mode is basically unaltered due to the global nature of that oscillation. The damping time of the oscillations is generally much smaller than in the adiabatic case (more than 2 orders of magnitude for the p- and g-modes) reflecting the effect of thermal dissipation. Both the isothermal and adiabatic limits are recovered in our treatment and we study in more detail the intermediate regime. Our formalism finds its natural astrophysical application in the study of the oscillation properties of newly born neutron stars, neutron stars with a deconfined quark core phase, or strange stars which are all promising sources of gravitational waves with frequencies in the band of the first generation and advanced ground-based interferometric detectors.
Gualtieri, Leonardo; PONS J., A; Miniutti, G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Non-adiabatic oscillations.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 620 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
620 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1148227
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact