Background: Oncostatin M was recently highlighted as a promising biomarker for therapeutic effectiveness in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), with particular regard for infliximab. The primary aim was to evaluate the ability of serum oncostatin M to predict endoscopic response to different drugs in IBD. Methods: We selected two different cohorts of patients with IBD, treated with anti-TNF (infliximab and adalimumab) or with vedolizumab. Therapeutic response was evaluated at week 54 in terms of mucosal healing. Serum oncostatin M and C-reactive protein were measured at baseline; fecal calprotectin was measured at baseline and after 14 weeks of treatment. We evaluated the association of these biomarkers with mucosal healing at week 54. Results: Among 66 patients treated with anti-TNFs and 68 treated with vedolizumab, 35 and 31 attained mucosal healing, respectively. Mucosal healing at 54 weeks was significantly associated with low oncostatin M levels at baseline in the anti-TNF cohort; the diagnostic accuracy of oncostatin M at baseline in predicting mucosal healing was 0.91 (95% CI 0.84 to 0.99) in the anti-TNF cohort and 0.56 (95% CI 0.43 to 0.70, P < 0.001) in the vedolizumab cohort. Mucosal healing was also associated with low fecal calprotectin levels at week 14 in both cohorts. Conclusion: Our study suggests that serum oncostatin M is a drug-specific biomarker, since it could be used to predict therapeutic effectiveness to anti-TNFs but not to vedolizumab. Moreover, these results emphasize the utility of serum oncostatin M measurement in patients treated with anti-TNF.

Serum oncostatin M predicts mucosal healing in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases treated with anti-TNF, but not vedolizumab

Fornili M.
Secondo
;
Antonioli L.;Benvenuti L.;D'Antongiovanni V.;Baglietto L.;de Bortoli N.;Bellini M.;Costa F.;Fornai M.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Oncostatin M was recently highlighted as a promising biomarker for therapeutic effectiveness in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), with particular regard for infliximab. The primary aim was to evaluate the ability of serum oncostatin M to predict endoscopic response to different drugs in IBD. Methods: We selected two different cohorts of patients with IBD, treated with anti-TNF (infliximab and adalimumab) or with vedolizumab. Therapeutic response was evaluated at week 54 in terms of mucosal healing. Serum oncostatin M and C-reactive protein were measured at baseline; fecal calprotectin was measured at baseline and after 14 weeks of treatment. We evaluated the association of these biomarkers with mucosal healing at week 54. Results: Among 66 patients treated with anti-TNFs and 68 treated with vedolizumab, 35 and 31 attained mucosal healing, respectively. Mucosal healing at 54 weeks was significantly associated with low oncostatin M levels at baseline in the anti-TNF cohort; the diagnostic accuracy of oncostatin M at baseline in predicting mucosal healing was 0.91 (95% CI 0.84 to 0.99) in the anti-TNF cohort and 0.56 (95% CI 0.43 to 0.70, P < 0.001) in the vedolizumab cohort. Mucosal healing was also associated with low fecal calprotectin levels at week 14 in both cohorts. Conclusion: Our study suggests that serum oncostatin M is a drug-specific biomarker, since it could be used to predict therapeutic effectiveness to anti-TNFs but not to vedolizumab. Moreover, these results emphasize the utility of serum oncostatin M measurement in patients treated with anti-TNF.
2022
Bertani, L.; Barberio, B.; Fornili, M.; Antonioli, L.; Zanzi, F.; Casadei, C.; Benvenuti, L.; Facchin, S.; D'Antongiovanni, V.; Lorenzon, G.; Ceccarelli, L.; Baglietto, L.; de Bortoli, N.; Bellini, M.; Costa, F.; Savarino, E. V.; Fornai, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1148699
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