Tγδ large granular lymphocyte leukemia (Tγδ LGLL) is a rare lymphoproliferative disease, scantily described in literature. A deep-analysis, in an initial cohort of 9 Tγδ LGLL compared to 23 healthy controls, shows that Tγδ LGLL dominant clonotypes are mainly public and exhibit different V-(D)-J γ/δ usage between patients with symptomatic and indolent Tγδ neoplasm. Moreover, some clonotypes share the same rearranged sequence. Data obtained in an enlarged cohort (n = 36) indicate the importance of a combined evaluation of immunophenotype and STAT mutational profile for the correct management of patients with Tγδ cell expansions. In fact, we observe an association between Vδ2/Vγ9 clonality and indolent course, while Vδ2/Vγ9 negativity correlates with symptomatic disease. Moreover, the 7 patients with STAT3 mutations have neutropenia and a CD56-/Vδ2- phenotype, and the 3 cases with STAT5B mutations display an asymptomatic clinical course and CD56/Vδ2 expression. All these data indicate that biological characterization is needed for Tγδ-cell neoplasm definition.

Defining TCRγδ lymphoproliferative disorders by combined immunophenotypic and molecular evaluation

Ciabatti E.;Tarrini G.;Petrini I.;Grossi R.;Pisanti N.;Galimberti S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Tγδ large granular lymphocyte leukemia (Tγδ LGLL) is a rare lymphoproliferative disease, scantily described in literature. A deep-analysis, in an initial cohort of 9 Tγδ LGLL compared to 23 healthy controls, shows that Tγδ LGLL dominant clonotypes are mainly public and exhibit different V-(D)-J γ/δ usage between patients with symptomatic and indolent Tγδ neoplasm. Moreover, some clonotypes share the same rearranged sequence. Data obtained in an enlarged cohort (n = 36) indicate the importance of a combined evaluation of immunophenotype and STAT mutational profile for the correct management of patients with Tγδ cell expansions. In fact, we observe an association between Vδ2/Vγ9 clonality and indolent course, while Vδ2/Vγ9 negativity correlates with symptomatic disease. Moreover, the 7 patients with STAT3 mutations have neutropenia and a CD56-/Vδ2- phenotype, and the 3 cases with STAT5B mutations display an asymptomatic clinical course and CD56/Vδ2 expression. All these data indicate that biological characterization is needed for Tγδ-cell neoplasm definition.
2022
Teramo, A.; Binatti, A.; Ciabatti, E.; Schiavoni, G.; Tarrini, G.; Barila, G.; Calabretto, G.; Vicenzetto, C.; Gasparini, V. R.; Facco, M.; Petrini, I...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1149765
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