In this paper linear stochastic transport and continuity equations with drift in critical Lp spaces are considered. In this situation noise prevents shocks for the transport equation and singularities in the density for the continuity equation, starting from smooth initial conditions. Specifically, we first prove a result of Sobolev regularity of solutions, which is false for the corresponding deterministic equation. The technique needed to reach the critical case is new and based on parabolic equations satisfied by moments of first derivatives of the solution, opposite to previous works based on stochastic flows. The approach extends to higher order derivatives under more regularity of the drift term. By a duality approach, these regularity results are then applied to prove uniqueness of weak solutions to linear stochastic continuity and transport equations and certain well-posedness results for the associated stochastic differential equation (sDE) (roughly speaking, existence and uniqueness of flows and their Cα regularity, strong uniqueness for the sDE when the initial datum has diffuse law). Finally, we show two types of examples: on the one hand, we present well-posed sDEs, when the corresponding ODEs are ill-posed, and on the other hand, we give a counterexample in the supercritical case.

Stochastic ODEs and stochastic linear PDEs with critical drift : regularity, duality and uniqueness

Maurelli M.
2019

Abstract

In this paper linear stochastic transport and continuity equations with drift in critical Lp spaces are considered. In this situation noise prevents shocks for the transport equation and singularities in the density for the continuity equation, starting from smooth initial conditions. Specifically, we first prove a result of Sobolev regularity of solutions, which is false for the corresponding deterministic equation. The technique needed to reach the critical case is new and based on parabolic equations satisfied by moments of first derivatives of the solution, opposite to previous works based on stochastic flows. The approach extends to higher order derivatives under more regularity of the drift term. By a duality approach, these regularity results are then applied to prove uniqueness of weak solutions to linear stochastic continuity and transport equations and certain well-posedness results for the associated stochastic differential equation (sDE) (roughly speaking, existence and uniqueness of flows and their Cα regularity, strong uniqueness for the sDE when the initial datum has diffuse law). Finally, we show two types of examples: on the one hand, we present well-posed sDEs, when the corresponding ODEs are ill-posed, and on the other hand, we give a counterexample in the supercritical case.
Beck, L.; Flandoli, F.; Gubinelli, M.; Maurelli, M.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
19-EJP379.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 728.11 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
728.11 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1149881
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 51
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact