Abstract Introduction: Studies have shown that the Ki-67 index is a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis, and classification of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). We re-evaluated the expression of Ki-67 based on the intensity of the stain, basing our hypothesis on the fact that the Ki-67 protein is continuously degraded. Background: The aim was to evaluate whether a new scoring method would be more effective in classifying NETs by reducing staining heterogeneity. Methods: Patients with GEP-NET (n = 87) were analyzed. The classification difference between the two methods was determined. Results: The classification changed significantly when the Ki-67 semiquantal index was used. The percentage of G1 patients increased from 18.4% to 60.9%, while the G2 patients decreased from 66.7% to 29.9% and the G3 patients also decreased from 14.9% to 9.2%. Moreover, it was found that the traditional Ki-67 was not significantly related to the overall survival (OS), whereas the semiquantal Ki-67 was significantly related to the OS. Conclusions: The new quantification was a better predictor of OS and of tumor classification. Therefore, it could be used both as a marker of proliferation and as a tool to map tumor dynamics that can influence the diagnosis and guide the choice of therapy.

Proposal for a New Diagnostic Histopathological Approach in the Evaluation of Ki-67 in GEP-NETs

Pinuccia Faviana;Laura Boldrini;Paola Anna Erba;Enrico Sammarco;Francesco Bartoli;Enrica Esposito;
2022

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Studies have shown that the Ki-67 index is a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis, and classification of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). We re-evaluated the expression of Ki-67 based on the intensity of the stain, basing our hypothesis on the fact that the Ki-67 protein is continuously degraded. Background: The aim was to evaluate whether a new scoring method would be more effective in classifying NETs by reducing staining heterogeneity. Methods: Patients with GEP-NET (n = 87) were analyzed. The classification difference between the two methods was determined. Results: The classification changed significantly when the Ki-67 semiquantal index was used. The percentage of G1 patients increased from 18.4% to 60.9%, while the G2 patients decreased from 66.7% to 29.9% and the G3 patients also decreased from 14.9% to 9.2%. Moreover, it was found that the traditional Ki-67 was not significantly related to the overall survival (OS), whereas the semiquantal Ki-67 was significantly related to the OS. Conclusions: The new quantification was a better predictor of OS and of tumor classification. Therefore, it could be used both as a marker of proliferation and as a tool to map tumor dynamics that can influence the diagnosis and guide the choice of therapy.
Faviana, Pinuccia; Boldrini, Laura; Gentile, Carlo; Erba, PAOLA ANNA; Sammarco, Enrico; Bartoli, Francesco; Esposito, Enrica; Galli, Luca; Vincenzo Lippolis, Piero; Bardi, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1151639
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