The halving of food loss and waste is one of the 2030 Agenda main goals. For fruit and vegetables, loss and waste occur from the field to the table, reaching worldwide around 572 million tonnes per year. One of the major causes of damages and spoilage is represented by insect pests. In the Mediterranean area, the most threatening species at the post-harvest and storage stages are Ceratitis capitata, Drosophila suzukii, and Spodoptera littoralis. On the other hand, some valuable insects like Hermetia illucens can bioconvert organic by-products and waste into upcycled materials (e.g., lipids, proteins, biofuels) and be a source of chitosan. Chitosan can be applied as a protectant of fruit and vegetables against pests and pathogens. This report includes some notes about the damages caused by the selected insect pests and the useful applications of H. illucens. Furthermore, we summarise the involvement of the entomology laboratory of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment of the University of Pisa in loss and waste of fruit and vegetable management.

Enemies and allies: the different roles of insects towards fruit and vegetable loss and waste.

Priscilla Farina
Primo
;
Linda Abenaim;Barbara Conti
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The halving of food loss and waste is one of the 2030 Agenda main goals. For fruit and vegetables, loss and waste occur from the field to the table, reaching worldwide around 572 million tonnes per year. One of the major causes of damages and spoilage is represented by insect pests. In the Mediterranean area, the most threatening species at the post-harvest and storage stages are Ceratitis capitata, Drosophila suzukii, and Spodoptera littoralis. On the other hand, some valuable insects like Hermetia illucens can bioconvert organic by-products and waste into upcycled materials (e.g., lipids, proteins, biofuels) and be a source of chitosan. Chitosan can be applied as a protectant of fruit and vegetables against pests and pathogens. This report includes some notes about the damages caused by the selected insect pests and the useful applications of H. illucens. Furthermore, we summarise the involvement of the entomology laboratory of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment of the University of Pisa in loss and waste of fruit and vegetable management.
Farina, Priscilla; Abenaim, Linda; Conti, Barbara
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1152020
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact