Purpose Sex-based differences in peripheral arterial disease are well-known. Aim of this study was to evaluate sex-related disparities in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of isolated popliteal artery lesions. Material and Methods Between 1th January 2004 and 1th January 2021 304 patients underwent endovascular treatment of an isolated popliteal artery lesion at three vascular centers. A retrospective analysis was performed comparing the outcomes in female versus male patients. Results The majority of the patients were female (51.3%). Male patients were younger (70.4 vs. 76.8 years, p < 0.01). Hyperlipidemia (62.2% vs. 45.5%, p < 0.01) and diabetes (62% vs. 40%, p < 0.01) were more common in male group. There were more current and former smokers in the male group (p = 0.04 and p = 0.01). There were no differences regarding lesion length (mean 94.5 mm) nor location of the lesion. Technical success was comparable in both groups 94.6% vs. 97.4%), no differences in terms of in-hospital complications (9.5% vs. 7.7%) were found. At 3 years estimates did not demonstrate any difference in terms of clinically driven target lesion revascularization (23% vs. 34%), secondary patency (86% vs. 96%), and all-cause mortality (77% vs. 67%) between the two groups. Conclusion In our experience the female sex showed clinical signs of popliteal artery lesion at higher age with less aggressive atherosclerotic risk factors. However, during the follow-up no sex-related significant differences were found in terms of morphological and clinical outcomes after endovascular revascularization.

Sex Differences in Endovascular Treatment of Isolated Popliteal Lesions

Berchiolli, R
Supervision
;
Troisi, N
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Sex-based differences in peripheral arterial disease are well-known. Aim of this study was to evaluate sex-related disparities in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of isolated popliteal artery lesions. Material and Methods Between 1th January 2004 and 1th January 2021 304 patients underwent endovascular treatment of an isolated popliteal artery lesion at three vascular centers. A retrospective analysis was performed comparing the outcomes in female versus male patients. Results The majority of the patients were female (51.3%). Male patients were younger (70.4 vs. 76.8 years, p < 0.01). Hyperlipidemia (62.2% vs. 45.5%, p < 0.01) and diabetes (62% vs. 40%, p < 0.01) were more common in male group. There were more current and former smokers in the male group (p = 0.04 and p = 0.01). There were no differences regarding lesion length (mean 94.5 mm) nor location of the lesion. Technical success was comparable in both groups 94.6% vs. 97.4%), no differences in terms of in-hospital complications (9.5% vs. 7.7%) were found. At 3 years estimates did not demonstrate any difference in terms of clinically driven target lesion revascularization (23% vs. 34%), secondary patency (86% vs. 96%), and all-cause mortality (77% vs. 67%) between the two groups. Conclusion In our experience the female sex showed clinical signs of popliteal artery lesion at higher age with less aggressive atherosclerotic risk factors. However, during the follow-up no sex-related significant differences were found in terms of morphological and clinical outcomes after endovascular revascularization.
Ozdemir-van Brunschot, Dmd; Torsello, Gb; Litterscheid, S; Berchiolli, R; Troisi, N; Torsello, Gf
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1152441
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