A lipolytic activity for beta-endorphin (beta EP) has been recently suggested both in vitro and in vivo. In our study we evaluated the relationship between beta EP and blood lipid pattern in Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetic patients. Plasma beta EP, together with plasma beta-lipotropin (beta LPH), ACTH, cortisol and plasma insulin (IRI), was measured by RIA after silicic acid plasma extraction and Sephedex G-75 column chromatography. Although reduced beta EP (7.12 +/- 3.8 fmol/ml) and increased beta LPH (9.3 +/- 3.7 fmol/ml) levels were found in diabetic patients, compared to controls (8.53 +/- 3.3 fmol/ml, p less than 0.05 and 8.34 +/- 2.6 fmol/ml, p less than 0.05, respectively), higher plasma beta EP concentrations were demonstrated in hyperlipidemic diabetic patients (10.3 +/- 3.9 fmol/ml) than in patients with normal blood lipid pattern (4.85 +/- 1.45 fmol/ml, p less than 0.001). Several positive correlations between beta EP, plasma free fatty acids (r = 0.75, p less than 0.001), triglycerides (r = 0.84, p less than 0.001) and VLDL (r = 0.80, p less than 0.001) were found in our patients independently of overweight, hypoglycemic treatment, plasma IRI levels and of the degree of metabolic control. A higher prevalence of micro- and macrovascular complications was demonstrated in hyperlipidemic than in normolipidemic patients. Blood lipid disorders might therefore be associated with increased plasma beta EP levels in Type 2 diabetes.

Plasma beta-endorphin, free fatty acids and blood lipid changes in type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetic patients.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA;
1988

Abstract

A lipolytic activity for beta-endorphin (beta EP) has been recently suggested both in vitro and in vivo. In our study we evaluated the relationship between beta EP and blood lipid pattern in Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetic patients. Plasma beta EP, together with plasma beta-lipotropin (beta LPH), ACTH, cortisol and plasma insulin (IRI), was measured by RIA after silicic acid plasma extraction and Sephedex G-75 column chromatography. Although reduced beta EP (7.12 +/- 3.8 fmol/ml) and increased beta LPH (9.3 +/- 3.7 fmol/ml) levels were found in diabetic patients, compared to controls (8.53 +/- 3.3 fmol/ml, p less than 0.05 and 8.34 +/- 2.6 fmol/ml, p less than 0.05, respectively), higher plasma beta EP concentrations were demonstrated in hyperlipidemic diabetic patients (10.3 +/- 3.9 fmol/ml) than in patients with normal blood lipid pattern (4.85 +/- 1.45 fmol/ml, p less than 0.001). Several positive correlations between beta EP, plasma free fatty acids (r = 0.75, p less than 0.001), triglycerides (r = 0.84, p less than 0.001) and VLDL (r = 0.80, p less than 0.001) were found in our patients independently of overweight, hypoglycemic treatment, plasma IRI levels and of the degree of metabolic control. A higher prevalence of micro- and macrovascular complications was demonstrated in hyperlipidemic than in normolipidemic patients. Blood lipid disorders might therefore be associated with increased plasma beta EP levels in Type 2 diabetes.
Solerte, Sb; Fioravanti, M; Petraglia, F; Facchinetti, F; Patti, Al; Schifino, N; Genazzani, Andrea; Ferrari, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/11527
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