(1) Background: We aimed to systematically review the current literature to evaluate if in patients with postoperative endophthalmitis treated with pars plana vitrectomy, silicone oil tamponade could provide a useful contribution to the control and eradication of infection and if it could influence anatomical recovery and functional outcome. (2) Randomized controlled trials, cross-sectional studies, case series, and case reports published in the English language in peer-reviewed journals were included. No restriction was placed based on the study location. We used medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words. We searched MEDLINE (OVID and PubMed), Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science (Thom-on-Reuters), and the Cochrane Library (Wiley) from January 1995 to the present. To ensure literature saturation, we scanned the reference lists of included studies or relevant reviews identified through the search. Risk of Bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for longitudinal studies and Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials. (3) Results: abstracts of 75 articles were selected for full-text reading; after full-text reading, 44 articles were taken into consideration in the systematic review. 5 out of 7 in vitro experimental studies demonstrated antimicrobial activity against different species of bacteria and fungi. The use of SO as endotamponade associated with PPV led to better visual acuity and a lower rate of retinal detachment and the need for additional surgery. (4) Conclusions: Silicone oil reduces the risk of postoperative retinal detachment, especially in case of undetected retinal breaks, produces compartmentalization of the eye, may lead to early visual recovery, allows laser photocoagulation, prevents severe postoperative hypotony and has antimicrobic activity due to an inhibitory effect for several species of pathogens. Concerns regarding possible toxic effects on the retina and optic disc, compartmentalization and impaired washout of pathogen toxins have been reported. It may also influence intravitreal antibiotic distribution and clearance.

The Role of Silicone Oil in the Surgical Management of Endophthalmitis: A Systematic Review

Figus, Michele;
2022

Abstract

(1) Background: We aimed to systematically review the current literature to evaluate if in patients with postoperative endophthalmitis treated with pars plana vitrectomy, silicone oil tamponade could provide a useful contribution to the control and eradication of infection and if it could influence anatomical recovery and functional outcome. (2) Randomized controlled trials, cross-sectional studies, case series, and case reports published in the English language in peer-reviewed journals were included. No restriction was placed based on the study location. We used medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words. We searched MEDLINE (OVID and PubMed), Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science (Thom-on-Reuters), and the Cochrane Library (Wiley) from January 1995 to the present. To ensure literature saturation, we scanned the reference lists of included studies or relevant reviews identified through the search. Risk of Bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for longitudinal studies and Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials. (3) Results: abstracts of 75 articles were selected for full-text reading; after full-text reading, 44 articles were taken into consideration in the systematic review. 5 out of 7 in vitro experimental studies demonstrated antimicrobial activity against different species of bacteria and fungi. The use of SO as endotamponade associated with PPV led to better visual acuity and a lower rate of retinal detachment and the need for additional surgery. (4) Conclusions: Silicone oil reduces the risk of postoperative retinal detachment, especially in case of undetected retinal breaks, produces compartmentalization of the eye, may lead to early visual recovery, allows laser photocoagulation, prevents severe postoperative hypotony and has antimicrobic activity due to an inhibitory effect for several species of pathogens. Concerns regarding possible toxic effects on the retina and optic disc, compartmentalization and impaired washout of pathogen toxins have been reported. It may also influence intravitreal antibiotic distribution and clearance.
Sinisi, Fabrizio; Della Santina, Marco; Loiudice, Pasquale; Figus, Michele; Casini, Giamberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1152703
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