Recent evidence suggested the role of secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the intracellular signalling within the liver becoming a promising candidate as biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Osteopontin (OPN) seems to play a relevant role both for early diagnosis of HCC than on the mechanisms that drive oncogenesis but, to date, information on the expression levels of OPN in EVs secreted by HCC tumor cell line are missing. The study aimed to verify, by transcriptional and proteomic study, the presence of OPN in EVs secreted by tumorigenic (HepG2) and non-tumorigenic hepatocyte cell line (WRL68), and to analyse the expression variations of OPN, its isoforms and miRNA-181a in both these EVs. "In silico analysis" was also performed via the Gene expression Profiling Interactive analysis (GEPIA) and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Database (HCCDB). An upregulation of OPN in EVs secreted by HepG2 with respect to WRL68 was found in line with the results obtained by the "in silico analysis". The study demonstrates, for the first time, the OPN isoforms and its modulator miRNA-181a expression in EVs secreted by both cell lines, highlighting high levels of OPN isoforms in EVs secreted by HepG2 and identifying OPN as a promising biomarker for HCC diagnosis.

Transcriptional level evaluation of osteopontin/miRNA-181a axis in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line-secreted extracellular vesicles

Cecchettini A;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Recent evidence suggested the role of secreted extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the intracellular signalling within the liver becoming a promising candidate as biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Osteopontin (OPN) seems to play a relevant role both for early diagnosis of HCC than on the mechanisms that drive oncogenesis but, to date, information on the expression levels of OPN in EVs secreted by HCC tumor cell line are missing. The study aimed to verify, by transcriptional and proteomic study, the presence of OPN in EVs secreted by tumorigenic (HepG2) and non-tumorigenic hepatocyte cell line (WRL68), and to analyse the expression variations of OPN, its isoforms and miRNA-181a in both these EVs. "In silico analysis" was also performed via the Gene expression Profiling Interactive analysis (GEPIA) and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Database (HCCDB). An upregulation of OPN in EVs secreted by HepG2 with respect to WRL68 was found in line with the results obtained by the "in silico analysis". The study demonstrates, for the first time, the OPN isoforms and its modulator miRNA-181a expression in EVs secreted by both cell lines, highlighting high levels of OPN isoforms in EVs secreted by HepG2 and identifying OPN as a promising biomarker for HCC diagnosis.
2022
Cabiati, M; Di Giorgi, N; Salvadori, C; Finamore, F; Del Turco, S; Cecchettini, A; Rocchiccioli, S; Del Ry, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1155780
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