Tightening social norms is thought to be adaptive for dealing with collective threat yet it may have negative consequences for increasing prejudice. The present research investigated the role of desire for cultural tightness, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in increasing negative attitudes towards immigrants. We used participant-level data from 41 countries (N = 55,015) collected as part of the PsyCorona project, a crossnational longitudinal study on responses to COVID-19. Our predictions were tested through multilevel and SEM models, treating participants as nested within countries. Results showed that people’s concern with COVID19 threat was related to greater desire for tightness which, in turn, was linked to more negative attitudes towards immigrants. These findings were followed up with a longitudinal model (N = 2,349) which also showed that people’s heightened concern with COVID-19 in an earlier stage of the pandemic was associated with an increase in their desire for tightness and negative attitudes towards immigrants later in time. Our findings offer insight into the trade-offs that tightening social norms under collective threat has for human groups.

Concern with COVID-19 pandemic threat and attitudes towards immigrants: The mediating effect of the desire for tightness

Daniela Di Santo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Tightening social norms is thought to be adaptive for dealing with collective threat yet it may have negative consequences for increasing prejudice. The present research investigated the role of desire for cultural tightness, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in increasing negative attitudes towards immigrants. We used participant-level data from 41 countries (N = 55,015) collected as part of the PsyCorona project, a crossnational longitudinal study on responses to COVID-19. Our predictions were tested through multilevel and SEM models, treating participants as nested within countries. Results showed that people’s concern with COVID19 threat was related to greater desire for tightness which, in turn, was linked to more negative attitudes towards immigrants. These findings were followed up with a longitudinal model (N = 2,349) which also showed that people’s heightened concern with COVID-19 in an earlier stage of the pandemic was associated with an increase in their desire for tightness and negative attitudes towards immigrants later in time. Our findings offer insight into the trade-offs that tightening social norms under collective threat has for human groups.
Mula, Silvana; DI SANTO, Daniela; Resta, Elena; Bakhtiari, Farin; Baldner, Conrad; Molinario, Erica; Pierro, Antonio; Gelfand, Michele J.; Denison, Emmy; Agostini, Maximilian; Bélanger, Jocelyn J.; Gützkow, Ben; Kreienkamp, Jannis; Abakoumkin, Georgios; Hanum Abdul Khaiyom, Jamilah; Ahmedi, Vjollca; Akkas, Handan; Almenara, Carlos A.; Atta, Mohsin; Cigdem Bagci, Sabahat; Basel, Sima; Berisha Kida, Edona; Bernardo, Allan B. I.; Buttrick, Nicholas R.; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit; Choi, Hoon-Seok; Cristea, Mioara; Csaba, Sára; Damnjanovic, Kaja; Danyliuk, Ivan; Dash, Arobindu; Douglas, Karen M.; Enea, Violeta; Gracieli Faller, Daiane; Fitzsimons, Gavan J.; Gheorghiu, Alexandra; Gómez, Ángel; Hamaidia, Ali; Han, Qing; Helmy, Mai; Hudiyana, Joevarian; Jeronimus, Bertus F.; Jiang, Ding-Yu; Jovanović, Veljko; Kamenov, Željka; Kende, Anna; Keng, Shian-Ling; Thi Thanh Kieu, Tra; Koc, Yasin; Kovyazina, Kamila; Kozytska, Inna; Krause, Joshua; Kruglanski, Arie W.; Kurapov, Anton; Kutlaca, Maja; Anna Lantos, Nóra; Lemay, Edward P.; Bagus Jaya Lesmana, Cokorda; Louis, Winnifred R.; Lueders, Adrian; Iqbal Malik, Najma; Martinez, Anton; Mccabe, Kira O.; Mehulić, Jasmina; Noor Milla, Mirra; Mohammed, Idris; Moyano, Manuel; Muhammad, Hayat; Muluk, Hamdi; Myroniuk, Solomiia; Najafi, Reza; Nisa, Claudia F.; Nyúl, Boglárka; O’Keefe, Paul A.; Javier Olivas Osuna, Jose; Osin, Evgeny N.; Park, Joonha; Pica, Gennaro; Rees, Jonas H.; Margit Reitsema, Anne; Rullo, Marika; Ryan, Michelle K.; Samekin, Adil; Santtila, Pekka; Sasin, Edyta; Mareen Schumpe, Birga; Selim, Heyla A.; Vicente Stanton, Michael; Stroebe, Wolfgang; Sultana, Samiah; Sutton, Robbie M.; Tseliou, Eleftheria; Utsugi, Akira; Anne van Breen, Jolien; van Lissa, Caspar J.; Van Veen, Kees; Vandellen, Michelle R.; Vázquez, Alexandra; Wollast, Robin; Wai-lan Yeung, Victoria; Zand, Somayeh; Lav Žeželj, Iris; Zheng, Bang; Zick, Andreas; Zúñiga, Claudia; Pontus Leander, N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1158148
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