BACKGROUND Percutaneous removal of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads is a difficult procedure because of the consequence of massive fibrous tissue growth along the lead.OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence and Location of fibrous adherences in ICD lead extraction and to identify potential predictors among patient and lead characteristics.METHODS We studied 637 consecutive patients who underwent transvenous extraction of 678 ICD leads from 1997 to 2013.RESULTS Procedural success rate was 99%, without major complications. Areas of adherence were found in the subclavian vein (78%), innominate vein (65%), superior vena cava (66%), and heart (73%). Dwell-time, passive fixation, and dual-coil lead design were independently associated with adherences. Dual-coil lead design was associated with adherences in the innominate vein and superior vena cava, whereas coil treatment (eg, expandable polytetrafluoroethylene-coated or medical adhesive back-filled strategies) prevented adherences. Passive fixation mechanism was associated with adherences in the heart.CONCLUSION ICD leads, after long dwell-time, are affected by fibrous adherences uniformly distributed along the lead course. Lead features represent major predictors of the phenomenon. Careful lead selection is recommended at the time of implantation to prevent adherences. In addition, lead-related risk stratification is mandatory before a transvenous extraction procedure.

Major predictors of fibrous adherences in transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead extraction

Segreti, Luca
Primo
;
Di Cori, Andrea
Secondo
;
Zucchelli, Giulio;Paperini, Luca;Coluccia, Giovanni;Bongiorni, Maria Grazia
2014-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND Percutaneous removal of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads is a difficult procedure because of the consequence of massive fibrous tissue growth along the lead.OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence and Location of fibrous adherences in ICD lead extraction and to identify potential predictors among patient and lead characteristics.METHODS We studied 637 consecutive patients who underwent transvenous extraction of 678 ICD leads from 1997 to 2013.RESULTS Procedural success rate was 99%, without major complications. Areas of adherence were found in the subclavian vein (78%), innominate vein (65%), superior vena cava (66%), and heart (73%). Dwell-time, passive fixation, and dual-coil lead design were independently associated with adherences. Dual-coil lead design was associated with adherences in the innominate vein and superior vena cava, whereas coil treatment (eg, expandable polytetrafluoroethylene-coated or medical adhesive back-filled strategies) prevented adherences. Passive fixation mechanism was associated with adherences in the heart.CONCLUSION ICD leads, after long dwell-time, are affected by fibrous adherences uniformly distributed along the lead course. Lead features represent major predictors of the phenomenon. Careful lead selection is recommended at the time of implantation to prevent adherences. In addition, lead-related risk stratification is mandatory before a transvenous extraction procedure.
2014
Segreti, Luca; Di Cori, Andrea; Soldati, Ezio; Zucchelli, Giulio; Viani, Stefano; Paperini, Luca; De Lucia, Raffaele; Coluccia, Giovanni; Valsecchi, Sergio; Bongiorni, Maria Grazia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1159185
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