This work investigated the catalytic high-pressure CO2 pretreatment of giant reed. CO2 is a renewable resource; its use does not generate chemical wastes and it can be easily removed and recycled. The effect of the addition of low concentrations of FeCl3 (0.16 wt%) and PEG 400 (1.0 wt%) on the hemicellulose hydrolysis to xylose and xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) is reported for the first time. Under the optimised pretreatment conditions, the xylan conversion of 82 mol% and xylose and XOS yields of 43 and 20 mol% were achieved, respectively. The solid residues obtained from different pretreatments were used as the substrate for the enzymatic hydrolysis to give glucose. The total glucose yield achieved under the optimised two-step process was 67.8 mol% with respect to the glucan units in the biomass. The results demonstrated that PEG-assisted FeCl3-catalysed scCO(2) pretreatment can produce xylose- or XOS-rich hydrolysates and improve the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass.

Sustainable Valorisation and Efficient Downstream Processing of Giant Reed by High-Pressure Carbon Dioxide Pretreatment

Di Fidio, Nicola
Primo
;
Licursi, Domenico;Fulignati, Sara;Antonetti, Claudia
Penultimo
;
Raspolli Galletti, Anna Maria
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

This work investigated the catalytic high-pressure CO2 pretreatment of giant reed. CO2 is a renewable resource; its use does not generate chemical wastes and it can be easily removed and recycled. The effect of the addition of low concentrations of FeCl3 (0.16 wt%) and PEG 400 (1.0 wt%) on the hemicellulose hydrolysis to xylose and xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) is reported for the first time. Under the optimised pretreatment conditions, the xylan conversion of 82 mol% and xylose and XOS yields of 43 and 20 mol% were achieved, respectively. The solid residues obtained from different pretreatments were used as the substrate for the enzymatic hydrolysis to give glucose. The total glucose yield achieved under the optimised two-step process was 67.8 mol% with respect to the glucan units in the biomass. The results demonstrated that PEG-assisted FeCl3-catalysed scCO(2) pretreatment can produce xylose- or XOS-rich hydrolysates and improve the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass.
Di Fidio, Nicola; Tozzi, Federico; Martinelli, Marco; Licursi, Domenico; Fulignati, Sara; Antonetti, Claudia; Raspolli Galletti, Anna Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1161214
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